Nivrit, Nivṛt, Nīvṛt: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Nivrit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Nivṛt and Nīvṛt can be transliterated into English as Nivrt or Nivrit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nivṛt (निवृत्) is a variant spelling for Nicṛt, which refers to a syllabic metre (vṛtta) in which a foot (pāda) has a single syllable in excess, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Nīvṛt (नीवृत्) or Nīvṛd is a synonym for Deśa (“region”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands [viz., Nīvṛt], soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Nīvṛt (नीवृत्) refers to a “region” or “country”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 2.40.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nivṛt.—(EI 8), a district. Note: nivṛt is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nivṛt (निवृत्).—1 Ā.

1) To come back, return; न च निम्नादिव सलिलं निवर्तते मे ततो हृदयम् (na ca nimnādiva salilaṃ nivartate me tato hṛdayam) Śi.3.2; Ku.4.3; R.2.4; Bg.8.21;15.4.

2) To flee from, retreat; रणान्निववृते न च (raṇānnivavṛte na ca) Bk.5.12.

3) To turn away from; be averse to; R.5.23;7.61.

4) To cease, desist or abstain from; प्रसमीक्ष्य निवर्तेत सर्वमांसस्य भक्षणात् (prasamīkṣya nivarteta sarvamāṃsasya bhakṣaṇāt) Ms.5.49;1.53; Bk.1. 18; निवृत्तमांसस्तु जनकः (nivṛttamāṃsastu janakaḥ) U.4.

5) To be freed or absolved from, to escape; कथं न ज्ञेयमस्माभिः पापादस्मान्निवर्तितुम् (kathaṃ na jñeyamasmābhiḥ pāpādasmānnivartitum) Bg. 1.39.

6) To leave off speaking, cease, stop.

7) To be removed, come to an end, cease, disappear; विषया विनि- वर्तन्ते निराहारस्य देहिनः (viṣayā vini- vartante nirāhārasya dehinaḥ) Bg.2.59;14.22; Ms.11.185,186.

8) To be accomplished or finished, come to an end.

9) To be withheld or withdrawn from.

1) To refuse, decline.

11) To be engaged in.

12) To be reversed.

13) To set (as the sun).

14) To be forbidden.

15) To be wanting; यतो वाचो निवर्तन्ते (yato vāco nivartante). -Caus.

1) To cause to return, send back; निवर्त्य राजा दयितां दयालुः (nivartya rājā dayitāṃ dayāluḥ) R.2.3;3.47; 7.44.

2) To withdraw, keep away from; turn away, divert; रश्मिष्विवादाय नगेन्द्रसक्तां निवर्तयामास नृपस्य दृष्टिम् (raśmiṣvivādāya nagendrasaktāṃ nivartayāmāsa nṛpasya dṛṣṭim) R.2. 28; Ku.5.11.

3) To accomplish, perform, finish, complete.

4) To shorten (the hair).

5) To Annul.

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Nīvṛt (नीवृत्).—m. Any inhabited country, realm, kingdom; आचक्रमुर्निजामस्य नीवृतं कृतविक्रमाः (ācakramurnijāmasya nīvṛtaṃ kṛtavikramāḥ) Śiva B.4.28. ......... जेतुं कर्णाटनीवृतम् (jetuṃ karṇāṭanīvṛtam) Śiva B.9.33; N.2.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīvṛt (नीवृत्).—mfn. (-vṛt) Any inhabited country. E. ni always, vṛta to be, aff. kvip, and the vowel of the prefix made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nivṛt (निवृत्).—turn round (tr. & [intransitive]); return (also into life i.e. be born again); turn away, flee, abstain or desist from, get rid of ([ablative]); end with or at ([ablative]); not belong to, be withheld from ([ablative]), stop, pause, cease, disappear. [Causative] turn downwards, bring or lead back, keep off, avert from ([ablative]), give up, let go, withhold, suppress, annul; refuse, deny; grant, procure, perform, accomplish.

Nivṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ni and vṛt (वृत्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nivṛt (निवृत्):—[=ni-√vṛt] a [Ātmanepada] -vartate ([indeclinable participle] -vṛtya, [Atharva-veda]; infin. -vartitum, [Mahābhārata]; rarely [Parasmaipada] e.g. [Potential] -vartet, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]; [imperfect tense] or subj. -vartat, [Ṛg-veda]; [perfect tense] -vāvṛtur, [ib.]; [future] -vartiṣyati, [Mahābhārata]; -vartsyan, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]; [Aorist] -avṛtat, [ib.]),

—to turn back, stop (trans. and intrans.), [Ṛg-veda] etc.;

—to return from ([ablative]) to ([accusative] with or without prati, or [dative case]);

—to return into life, revive, be born again, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to turn away, retreat, flee, escape, abstain or desist from, get rid of ([ablative]), [ib.];

—to fall back, rebound, [Rāmāyaṇa];

—to leave off (sāmi, in the midst or when anything is half finished, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]), cease, end, disappear, vanish, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad] etc.;

—to be withheld from, not belong to ([ablative]);

—to be omitted, not to occur, [Lāṭyāyana; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata];

—to be ineffective or useless, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara];

—to be wanting, not to exist (yato vāco nivartante, for which there are no words), [Taittirīya-upaniṣad];

—to pass over to ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata];

—to be turned upon ([locative case] or tatra), [ib.] :—[Causal] -vartayati, te ([Ātmanepada] [Potential] -vartayīta, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]; [Passive voice] -vartyate, [Raghuvaṃśa]),

—to turn downwards, let sink (the head), [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa];

—to turn back id est. shorten (the hair), [Brāhmaṇa];

—to lead or bring back, reconduct, return, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.;

—to turn away, avert or keep back from ([ablative]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to give up, abandon, suppress, withhold, refuse, deny;

—to annul, remove, destroy, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa];

—to bring to an end id est. perform, accomplish (a sacrifice etc.), [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to procure, bestow, [Harivaṃśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa];

—to desist from ([ablative]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [=ni-vṛt] b [wrong reading] for ni-cṛt.

3) Nīvṛt (नीवृत्):—[=nī-vṛt] [from ] ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) f. an inhabited country, a realm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīvṛt (नीवृत्):—(t) a. Any inhabited country.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nivṛt (निवृत्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇiaṭṭa, Ṇivaṭṭa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nivrit in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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