Nityodita, Nityoditā, Nitya-udita: 8 definitions


Nityodita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Nityodita in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Nityodita (नित्योदित) is the name of a the chief warder of Udayana (king of Vatsa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 21.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Nityodita, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Nityodita (नित्योदित) or Nityoditarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 5, arśas: piles). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., nityodita-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nityodita in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Nityodita (नित्योदित) refers to that which is “eternally manifest”, according to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya (traditionally attributed to Matsyendranātha), which references to the prototype of the Liṅga initiates of the Kubjikā Tantras worship in the Goddess’s maṇḍala which is projected above the head. Bhairava begins by listing a series of lotuses in the body. They are arranged vertically in such a way that each succeeding one has a larger number of petals than the one before it. [...] The last one consists of 30 million petals. There, above that, is a pervasive, eternally manifest (nityodita), unbroken, independent, unmoving, all-pervasive and stainless lotus. Emanation takes place by its will and it dissolves away (laya) there itself. Thus it is called Liṅga and is where the mobile and immobile (creation) is established (līna). [...]

2) Nityoditā (नित्योदिता) refers to “she who is ever active”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Śāmbhavī, the supreme (goddess) Khañjī is ever active (nityoditā) and without defect. Disembodied (akāyā), she is both devoid (of manifestation) and full (of it). She is (both) (articulate speech) with vowels (sasvarā) and (unmanifest speech) without vowels (svaravarjitā). Unmanifest (nirābhāsā), formless, without (phenomenally definable) appearance (nirlakṣā) and in the field of (that) appearance (lakṣagocarā). [...]”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Nityoditā (नित्योदिता) refers to “she who is the ever-risen one” and is used to describe Goddess Nityā, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] Sages address you as the destroyer of darkness, the bestower of delight, yielding the immortal nectar to all those who remember you. They address you as the ever-risen one (nityoditā) with no possibility of rising and setting, as the underlying digit of the moon never suspected to have a stain”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nityodita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nityodita (नित्योदित).—[adjective] risen spontaneously (of a knowledge).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nityodita (नित्योदित):—[from nitya] mfn. risen by itself (as knowledge), [Bhartṛhari]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] [medicine] preparation, [Rasendracintāmaṇi]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German]

Nityodita in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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