Nityanatha, Nityanātha: 4 definitions



Nityanatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Nityanātha (नित्यनाथ) or Nityanāthalokeśvara refers to number 103 of the 108 forms of Avalokiteśvara found in the Machhandar Vahal (Kathmanu, Nepal). [Machhandar or Machandar is another name for for Matsyendra.].


“Nityanātha is identical with [Piṇḍapātra Lokeśvara], with the difference that here the god holds the rosary in his right hand over the book held in his left.—Piṇḍapātra Lokeśvara is one-faced and two-armed and stands on a lotus. He holds the Piṇḍapātra (the bowl) in his two hands near the navel”.

The names of the 108 deities [viz., Nityanātha] possbily originate from a Tantra included in the Kagyur which is named “the 108 names of Avalokiteshvara”, however it is not yet certain that this is the source for the Nepali descriptions.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nityanatha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Nityanātha (नित्यनाथ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—or nemanāthasiddha Compare Ādinātha: Indrajāla [tantric] K. 38. Oudh. Ix, 28. Kāmaratna. Tantrakośa. Oudh. Viii, 32. Bandhyāvalī med. B. 4, 238. Mantrasāra. L. 614. Rasaratnākara, both tāntric and medical. Siddhakhaṇḍa. Oudh. Vii, 6. Siddhasiddhāntapaddhati. W. p. 197. Hall. p. 15.

Nityanātha has the following synonyms: Nityanāthasiddha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nityanātha (नित्यनाथ):—[=nitya-nātha] [from nitya] m. Name of an author (also -siddha), [Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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