Nitishastra, aka: Nītiśāstra, Niti-shastra; 5 Definition(s)


Nitishastra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nītiśāstra can be transliterated into English as Nitisastra or Nitishastra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Nitishastra in Purana glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nītiśāstra (नीतिशास्त्र).—Of Śukra;1 Prahlāda trained in.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 191; 72. 107.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 19. 26-28, 34-49.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Nitishastra in Arthashastra glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nītiśāstra (नीतिशास्त्र).—The Nītiśāstra is said to be benificial treatise and generalised science of society. It is a system of morals (social, economics and political). Nītiśāstra gives practical advice as to social well being. It is specially useful to rulers and ministers. With the knowledge of Nīti they can conquere the enemy and become master of the world. The four ends human life (Purusārthas. i.e. dharma, artha, kāma and mokṣa) are found in Nītiśāstra and it gives fame and prosperity.

Source: Shodhganga: Rajadharma in the Mahabharata

Nītiśāstra (नीतिशास्त्र, “ethics”) is a branch of philosophy that deals with moral values. In the knowledge tradition of India, ethics has its origin in its religious and philosophical thinking. In every religious tradition, good moral conduct is considered essential for a happy and contented life. Without following the path of righteousness no one can attain supreme goal (mokṣa) of life. For this one has to perform good deeds and avoid wrong-doing.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Nitishastra in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nītiśāstra (नीतिशास्त्र, “ethics”).—Buddhism also gives primary importance to ethics (nītiśāstra). Sometimes it is called an ethical religion as it does not discuss or depend on the existence of God (the Supreme Being with form and attributes) but instead believes in alleviating the suffering of humanity. The ethical values in this faith are based on the life and teachings of the Buddha.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social (buddhism)

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nitishastra in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nītiśāstra (नीतिशास्त्र).—the science of ethics or of politics; morality.

Derivable forms: nītiśāstram (नीतिशास्त्रम्).

Nītiśāstra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nīti and śāstra (शास्त्र).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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