Nissaya, aka: Nissāya; 4 Definition(s)


Nissaya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

(Foundation) nissaya, one of the 24 conditions (paccaya). Wrong f. of morality, s. nissaya. - f. of sympathy: sangaha-vatthu - f.-forming absorptions: pādaka-jjhāna; - f. of an Arahat's mentality: s. adhitthāna.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'foundation'. The 2 wrong foundations of morality are

  • craving (tanhā-nissaya) and

  • views (ditthi-nissaya).

Hence there are two wrong bases of morality:

  • morality based on craving (tanhā-nissita-sīla) and

  • morality based on views (ditthi-nissita-sīla). (App.)

"'Based on craving' is that kind of morality which has come about by the desire for a happy existence, e.g.: 'O that by this morality I might become a godlike or heavenly being!' (A.IX.172). 'Based on views' is that morality which has been induced by the view that through the observation of certain moral rules purification may be attained" (Vis.M. I).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Nissaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nissaya : (m.) 1. support; 2. protection; 3. that on which anything depends. || nissāya (ind.), by means of; by one's support; near by.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nissaya, (Sk. niśraya, of ni+śri, corresp. in meaning to Sk. āśraya) that on which anything depends, support, help, protection; endowment, resource, requisite, supply; foundation, reliance on (Acc. or —°) Vin. I, 58 (the four resources of bhikkhu, viz. piṇḍiyālopa-bhojanaṃ, paṃsukūla — cīvaraṃ, rukkhamūla — senāsanaṃ, pūtimuttabhesajjaṃ); II, 274, 278; D. III, 137, 141; A. I, 117; III, 271; IV, 353; V, 73; Sn. 753, 877; Nd1 108 (two n. : taṇhā° & diṭṭhi°), 190, cp. Nd2 s. v.; Nd2 397A (the requisites of a bhikkhu in diff. enumeration); Ps. II, 49 sq. , 58 sq. , 73 sq.; II, 220; Nett 7, 65; Vism. 12, 535. nissayaṃ karoti to rely on, to be founded on to take one’s stand in Sn. 800.—Cp. nissāya & nissita.

—kamma giving assistance or help, an (ecclesiastical) act of help or protection Vin. I, 49, 143, 325; II, 226; A. I, 99; Pv IV. 11 (so to be read at the 2 latter passages for niyassa°). —sampanna finding one’s strength in A. IV, 353. (Page 374)

— or —

Nissāya, (prep. c, Acc.) (ger. of nissayati, Sk. *niśrāya, BSk niśritya, ni+śri) leaning on (in all fig. meanings) Nd2 368 (=upanissāya, ārammaṇaṃ ālambanaṃ karitvā). ‹-› 1. near, near by, on, at J. I, 167 (pāsānapiṭṭhaṃ), 221 (padumasaraṃ); PvA. 24 (bāhā), 134 (taṃ=with him). ‹-› 2. by means of, through, by one’s support, by way of J. I, 140 (rājānaṃ: under the patronage of the k.); IV, 137 (id.); II, 154 (tumhe); Miln. 40 (kāyaṃ), 253 (id.); PvA. 27 (ye=yesaṃ hetu), 154 (nadī° alongside of).—3. because of, on account of, by reason of, for the sake of J. I, 203 (amhe), 255 (dhanaṃ), 263 (maṃ); PvA. 17 (kiṃ), 67 (namaṃ), 130 (taṃ).—Cp. nissaya, nissita. (Page 374)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Relevant definitions

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