Nishpava, Niṣpāva: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nishpava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Niṣpāva can be transliterated into English as Nispava or Nishpava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Niṣpāva (निष्पाव) is a Sanskrit word referring to Lablab purpureus (Indian bean), from the Fabaceae family. Certain plant parts of Niṣpāva are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Other botanical synonyms include: Dolichos lablab and Vigna aristata. Other commonly used English names include: “hyacinth-bean” and “lablab-bean”.

Niṣpāva is also identified as a synonym for Śimbī, referring to the same Lablab purpureus. This synonym was identified by Bhāvamiśra in his 16th century Bhāvaprakāśa (medicinal thesaurus). Niṣpāva aggrevates vāta and pitta according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव) refers to a variety of pulse used in the Śrāddha ritual, according to the Matsyapurāṇa 15.36-38, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—According to the authors of Purāṇa literature the use of rājamāṣa, masūra, niṣpāva and gram are interdicted in the śrāddha ritual.

Niṣpāva (bean) is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., niṣpāva (bean)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., mantha (calotropis or a liquid in combination with fried rice and ghee)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (N) next»] — Nishpava in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव).—One of the eight saubhāgyas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 60. 8, 27.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव).—a. Certain.

-vaḥ 1 Winnowing, cleaning corn &c.

2) The wind caused by the winnowing sieve or basket.

3) Wind.

4) A legume, pod.

5) A kind of pulse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) Certain, indubitable. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Winnowing, cleaning corn, &c. 2. Wind, air. 3. The wind of the winnowing sieve or basket. 4. Straw, chaff. 5. A legume, a pod. 6. A sort of pulse, (Phaseolus radiatus.) E. nir before, to purify, aff. karaṇe ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव).—i. e. nis-pū + a, m. A sort of pulse, Dolichos sinensis Lin.; and pulse in general, Mahābhārata 13, 5498.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niṣpāva (निष्पाव):—[=niṣ-pāva] [from niṣ-pū] m. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the wind caused by the winnowing sieve, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Dolichos Sinensis or a similar species, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

4) [v.s. ...] straw, chaff, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [=niṣ-pāva] [from niṣ-pū] mfn. = nir-vikalpa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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