Nishpava, Niṣpāva: 16 definitions


Nishpava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Niṣpāva can be transliterated into English as Nispava or Nishpava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Niṣpāva (निष्पाव) is a Sanskrit word referring to Lablab purpureus (Indian bean), from the Fabaceae family. Certain plant parts of Niṣpāva are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Other botanical synonyms include: Dolichos lablab and Vigna aristata. Other commonly used English names include: “hyacinth-bean” and “lablab-bean”.

Niṣpāva is also identified as a synonym for Śimbī, referring to the same Lablab purpureus. This synonym was identified by Bhāvamiśra in his 16th century Bhāvaprakāśa (medicinal thesaurus). Niṣpāva aggrevates vāta and pitta according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव) refers to a variety of pulse used in the Śrāddha ritual, according to the Matsyapurāṇa 15.36-38, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—According to the authors of Purāṇa literature the use of rājamāṣa, masūra, niṣpāva and gram are interdicted in the śrāddha ritual.

Niṣpāva (bean) is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., niṣpāva (bean)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., mantha (calotropis or a liquid in combination with fried rice and ghee)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव) refers to “bitter gourd” [?] and is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of rat poison (ākhu-viṣa), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa has recommended a slew of generic formulae that successfully neutralise rat poison.—According to Kāśyapasaṃhitā (verse 11.38cd-39cd): “Also recommended is the mixture of the skin of bitter gourd (niṣpāva-tvac), turmeric powder, Phalinī flower and Kārīskara, as a drink and lepa or ointment. A combination of milk, pepper and cut ripe plantain is also an effective remedy.”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nishpava in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव).—One of the eight saubhāgyas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 60. 8, 27.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Addaiyan Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences: Tantra Literature of Kerala- Special Reference to Mātṛsadbhāva

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव) or “lablab bean” refers to one of various seeds used in Bījāṅkurārpaṇa, according to the Mātṛsadbhāva, one of the earliest Śākta Tantras from Kerala.—Mātṛsadbhāva is a Kerala Tantric ritual manual dealing with the worship of Goddess Bhadrakālī (also known as Rurujit) along with sapta-mātṛs or Seven mothers. [...] There are many descriptions about the flora and fauna in Mātṛssadbhāva. Different types of Seeds, dhātūs, metals, etc. are describing in this text. In the seventh chapter of Mātṛsadbhāva is describing the bījāṅkurārpaṇa part, tells seven types seeds need to be used [e.g., niṣpāva].

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव) refers to a species of pulse (Phaseolus raditus [=Phaseolus radiatus?]), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Saturn also presides over pungent flavour and bitter flavour; over chemistry; over widows, serpents, thieves, buffaloes, asses, camels, beans, leguminous seeds and Niṣpāva”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Nispava in India is the name of a plant defined with Lablab purpureus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Dolichos benghalensis Jacq. (among others).

2) Nispava is also identified with Vigna vexillata It has the synonym Plectrotropis hirsuta Schum. & Thonn. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Familles des Plantes (1763)
· Hortus Britannicus (1826)
· Nuovo Giornale dei Letterati (1824)
· Species Plantarum, Editio Secunda
· Cytologia (1991)
· American Journal of Botany (1980)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Nispava, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव).—a. Certain.

-vaḥ 1 Winnowing, cleaning corn &c.

2) The wind caused by the winnowing sieve or basket.

3) Wind.

4) A legume, pod.

5) A kind of pulse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) Certain, indubitable. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Winnowing, cleaning corn, &c. 2. Wind, air. 3. The wind of the winnowing sieve or basket. 4. Straw, chaff. 5. A legume, a pod. 6. A sort of pulse, (Phaseolus radiatus.) E. nir before, to purify, aff. karaṇe ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव).—i. e. nis-pū + a, m. A sort of pulse, Dolichos sinensis Lin.; and pulse in general, Mahābhārata 13, 5498.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niṣpāva (निष्पाव):—[=niṣ-pāva] [from niṣ-pū] m. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the wind caused by the winnowing sieve, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Dolichos Sinensis or a similar species, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

4) [v.s. ...] straw, chaff, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [=niṣ-pāva] [from niṣ-pū] mfn. = nir-vikalpa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव):—[ni-ṣpāva] (vaḥ) 1. m. Winnowing; wind; straw; a pod; pulse. a. Certain, positive, indubitable.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Niṣpāva (निष्पाव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇipphāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nishpava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Niṣpāva (ನಿಷ್ಪಾವ):—

1) [noun] = ನಿಷ್ಪಾವಕ [nishpavaka].

2) [noun] cleaning of corn by winnowing or fanning.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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