Nishkriti, Niṣkṛti, Niṣkrīti: 15 definitions


Nishkriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Niṣkṛti and Niṣkrīti can be transliterated into English as Niskrti or Nishkriti or Niskriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Nishkrati.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nishkriti in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति).—An agni (fire). A son of Bṛhaspati, he came to be known as Niṣkṛti as he redeemed (Niṣkrama) people from unhappiness. (Vana Parva, Chapter 229, Verse 14).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति) refers to “expiation”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.3 (“The virtues of the three cities—Tripura).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to the Gods: “[...] How can I knowingly commit malicious deeds to my friends though I am hardy and powerful in battles? Even Brahmā has said that there is a great sin attending on even casual malicious actions. There are ways of atonement and amends for a brahmin slayer, a wine addict, a thief or a person who violates sacred rites. But there is no expiation (niṣkṛti) for ungrateful men [niṣkṛtirvihitā sadbhiḥ kṛtaghne nāsti niṣkṛtiḥ]. [...]”

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nishkriti in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति) refers to “atonement”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 4.5cd-6, while describing the purification process of the initiand]—“[One goes through the saṃskāras:] conceived, born, by virtue of taking up one’s role, action and fruition. Then [the initatiand] atones (niṣkṛti) and [proceeds through the remainder of the saṃskāras that] follow. All this should] be done with the mūlamantra”.

Commentary: “Then [comes] penance (niṣkṛti), which means the complete accomplishing of all bhoga that pertains to birth, life, and experiences. All this is to be done with sacrificial offerings into fire with the root mantra, three, etc., times. The penance should have a homa of one-hundred offerings. At the end of that, he should then meditate on the achievement of becoming twice-born and [his place as a] devotee of Rudra”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nishkriti in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

niṣkṛti (निष्कृति).—f S Removing, putting away (crimes, benefits, injuries &c. by acts in expiation or requital).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

niṣkṛti (निष्कृति).—f Removing, putting away.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nishkriti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति).—f.

1) Expiation, atonement; ब्रह्मघ्ने च सुरापे च चौरे भग्नव्रते शठे । निष्कृतिर्विहिता सद्भिः कृतघ्ने नास्ति निष्कृतिः (brahmaghne ca surāpe ca caure bhagnavrate śaṭhe | niṣkṛtirvihitā sadbhiḥ kṛtaghne nāsti niṣkṛtiḥ) || Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.157.

2) Acquittance, requital, discharge of a debt or obligation; न तस्य निष्कृतिः शक्या कर्तुं वर्षशतैरपि (na tasya niṣkṛtiḥ śakyā kartuṃ varṣaśatairapi) Manusmṛti 2.227;3.19;8.15;9.19;11.27.

3) Removal.

4) Restoration, cure.

5) Avoiding, escaping from.

6) Neglecting.

7) Bad conduct, roguery.

8) Reproach, scoffing (dhikkāra); स्त्रियास्तथाऽपचारिण्या निष्कृतिः स्याददूषिका (striyāstathā'pacāriṇyā niṣkṛtiḥ syādadūṣikā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.34.3.

Derivable forms: niṣkṛtiḥ (निष्कृतिः).

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Niṣkrīti (निष्क्रीति).—f. Ved. Redemption.

Derivable forms: niṣkrītiḥ (निष्क्रीतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Pardon, absolution. 2. Expiration. 3. Escaping from, avoiding the consequence of anything. 4. Undoing, doing away. 5. Disregarding, neglecting. 6. Acquittance, compensation, discharge of a debt or obligation. E. nir neg. kṛ to do, ktin affix.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति).—i. e. nis-kṛ + ti, I. f. 1. Expiation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 19. 2. Compensation, 8, 150. 3. Personified, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 8, 3. Ii. m. A name of Agni, Mahābhārata 3, 14143.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति).—[feminine] restoration, healing; also = [preceding]

--- OR ---

Niṣkrīti (निष्क्रीति).—[feminine] redemption.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति):—[=niṣ-kṛti] [from niṣ-kṛ] f. (niṣ-) complete development (See garbha-niṣkṛti)

2) [v.s. ...] restoration, cure, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] acquittance, requital, atonement, expiation, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] removal, doing away, escaping, avoiding, neglecting, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for ni-kṛti, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. a form of Agni, [Mahābhārata]

7) Niṣkrīti (निष्क्रीति):—[=niṣ-krīti] [from niṣ-krī] (niṣ-) f. redeeming, redemption, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति):—[ni-ṣkṛti] (tiḥ) 2. f. Undoing; pardon; neglect; acquittance.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nishkriti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nishkriti in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Niṣkṛti (निष्कृति) [Also spelled nishkrati]:—(nf) salvation, riddance, redemption.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nishkriti in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Niṣkṛti (ನಿಷ್ಕೃತಿ):—

1) [noun] an abstaining from doing anything.

2) [noun] a setting free or being set free; deliverance; liberation; release.

3) [noun] a making amends or reparation for a wrongdoing; atonement; expiation.

4) [noun] a repaying of a debt; repayment.

5) [noun] a bringing back to original position; restoration to good condition; reparation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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