Nirvikalpaka, Nir-vikalpaka: 11 definitions


Nirvikalpaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirvikalpaka in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Nirvikalpaka (निर्विकल्पक, “indeterminate”) refers to one of the two types of pratyakṣa (perception), according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa and Keśava Miśra (Tarkabhāṣā). Nirvikalpaka (indeterminate) is called that cognition which is not qualified by such attributes. Annaṃbhaṭṭa in his Dīpikā states that the knowledge in which subject, attribute and relation (between the attribute and the subject) are absent, is the nirvikalpaka knowledge. Chandradhar Sharma observes that “Nirvikalpaka perception is the immediate apprehension, the bare awareness, the direct sense experience and is free from assimilation, discrimination, analysis and synthesis”.

According to these philosophers, nirvikalpaka is an actual knowledge but beyond sense perception (atīndriya). In reality the contents of the savikalpaka and the nirvikalpaka are the same. But the difference is that while in the savikalpaka the object and its attributes stand in the subject-predicate relation, in the latter, no such relation is accepted.

Nyaya book cover
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nirvikalpaka in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nirvikalpaka (निर्विकल्पक) refers to “pure consciousness”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.2. Accordingly, as Brahmā said:—“[...] Originally when Śiva was separated from Śakti and was pure consciousness (nirvikalpaka) alone, He was attributeless, free from alternatives, devoid of forms and beyond the existent and non-existent. He, the greatest of the great and of changeless form when united with Śakti, was filled with attributes and had specific forms and divine features. O Brahmin, He was accompanied by Umā”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvikalpaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirvikalpaka (निर्विकल्पक).—a.

1) not admitting an alternative.

2) being without determination or resolution.

3) not capable of mutual relation.

4) conditioned.

5) undeliberative.

6) recognizing no such distinction as that of subject and object, or of the knower and the known; as applied to समाधि (samādhi) or contemplation, it is 'an exclusive concentration upon the one entity without distinct and separate consciousness of the knower, the known, and the knowing, and without even self-consciousness'; निर्विकल्पकः ज्ञातृज्ञानादिविकल्पभेद- लयापेक्षः (nirvikalpakaḥ jñātṛjñānādivikalpabheda- layāpekṣaḥ); नो चेत् चेतः प्रविश सहसा निर्विकल्पे समाधौ (no cet cetaḥ praviśa sahasā nirvikalpe samādhau) Bhartṛhari 3.61; आत्मारामा विहितरतयो निर्विकल्पे समाधौ (ātmārāmā vihitaratayo nirvikalpe samādhau) Ve.1.23.

7) (in phil.) not arising from the relation of the qualifier and the qualified, (viśeṣaṇaviśeṣyasaṃbandhānavagāhi pratyakṣaṃ jñānam) said of knowledge not derived from the senses, as घटत्व (ghaṭatva).

-lpam ind. without hesitation or wavering.

Nirvikalpaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and vikalpaka (विकल्पक). See also (synonyms): nirvikalpa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvikalpaka (निर्विकल्पक).—i. e. nis -vikalpa + ka, adj. Free from differencees, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 217, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvikalpaka (निर्विकल्पक).—[adjective] having or offering no alternative, free from difference or doubt; [neuter] lpam without hesitation or reflection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirvikalpaka (निर्विकल्पक):—[=nir-vikalpaka] [from nir > niḥ] mfn. = -vikalpa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Bhāṣāpariccheda; Vedāntasāra]

2) [v.s. ...] n. knowledge not depending upon or derived from the senses, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvikalpaka (निर्विकल्पक):—[nir-vikalpaka] (kaṃ) 1. n. Inherent or intuitive knowledge.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirvikalpaka (निर्विकल्पक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇivvigappaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirvikalpaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvikalpaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirvikalpaka (ನಿರ್ವಿಕಲ್ಪಕ):—[noun] = ನಿರ್ವಿಕಲ್ಪ [nirvikalpa]2 - 3.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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