Nirvicikitsa, Nirvicikitsā, Nir-vicikitsa: 5 definitions

Introduction

Nirvicikitsa means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirvichikitsa.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (N) next»] — Nirvicikitsa in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Nirvicikitsā (निर्विचिकित्सा) or Nirjugupsā refers to “overcoming of repugnance” and represents an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the aṅga heading, according to various Jain authors (eg., Pūjyapāda, Samantabhadra, Cāmuṇḍarāya, Somadeva and Amṛtacandra). Samantabhadra, in his Ratna-Karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra, holds nirvicikitsā to imply the love of virtue without disgust for the body which is impure by nature but sanctified by the ratna-traya. For Amṛtacandra, in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya, nirvicikitsā means the victory over a person’s natural repugnance for whatever is physically nauseating like excrement, or productive of discomfort like heat and cold, hunger and thirst. Cāmuṇḍarāya, in his Caritrasāra, explains this nirvicikitsā-aṅga as the removal of the false concept that the body is pure by comprehending the nature of its impurity; or else as the absence of the regrettable idea that such and such a doctrine of the Jaina religion is inappropriate and horrifying whilst another doctrine is in every way admirable. For Somadeva, in his Yaśastilaka, nirvicikitsā means that there must be no hesitation in the practice of vaiyāvṛttya.

Source: HereNow4U: Social Implication of Enlightened World View

Nirvicikitsā (निर्विचिकित्सा) refers to “freedom from aversion towards or regard for the body.” and represents one of the eight aṅgas (requirements), needed for attaining the right faith. Firm belief in ones goal is the basic milestone for attaining that goal. Unwavering faith only can work like a miracle because firm faith leads to personal commitment for achieving that goal and gives us boldness to face the challenges incoming while proceeding towards the aimed goal.

The third limb (aṅga) is called nirvicikitsā, freedom from disgust. It is nothing but a firm belief in the means adopted for the successful goal achievement. Unless and until we don't have the faith in the means adopted for achieving the desired end, we cannot succeed. The ordinary person distinguishes between good and bad, pleasant and unpleasant, etc. because he has not yet perceived the true relation between substance and modes, thus he retains a deep attachment for things, which please the senses and an aversion for those, which do not. The person who has gained true insight, however, there arises a quality called nirvicikitsā, freedom from disgust, which entails overcoming of such dualities. The individual who possess the virtue of nirvicikitsā will feel no revulsion at the sight of human sickness, insanity or ugliness.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Nirvicikitsā (निर्विचिकित्सा) refers to one of the eight limbs of samyagdṛṣṭi (“right faith”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23.—Nirvicikitsā means “absence of any repulsion from the impurity of the body of a person possessed with three jewels”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nirvicikitsa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirvicikitsa (निर्विचिकित्स).—a. free from doubt or reflection.

Nirvicikitsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and vicikitsa (विचिकित्स).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirvicikitsa (निर्विचिकित्स):—[=nir-vicikitsa] [from nir > niḥ] mf(ā)n. without reflecting much (am ind.), [Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

2) [v.s. ...] indubitable, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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