Nirodhana, Ṇirodhaṇa: 10 definitions


Nirodhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirodhana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Nirodhana (निरोधन) refers to the “stopping (and drawing down)” (of the upward moving breath), according to the the Dakṣiṇāmūrti (Dakṣiṇāmūrtistotrabhāvārthavārttika), otherwise known as the Mānasollāsa and attributed to a Sureśvarācārya.—Accordingly, while discussing Hathayogic Mudrās as part of Yoga practices: “The contraction [and drawing up] of the downward moving breath and the stopping (nirodhana) [and drawing down] the upward moving breath and the placement of the tongue above the uvula is the practice of Yoga”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nirodhana in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ṇirodhaṇa (णिरोधण) (in Sanskrit: Nirodha). refers to “control”—Mūlācāra 744 (vol. 2, p. 26), for instance, states that wrong belief, lack of restraint, passions, and activities of body, mind and speech are prevented by right faith, restraint, arresting and control (ṇirodhaṇa/nirodha), respectively. Bārasa Aṇupekkhā 61-3 include similar statements.—Cf. Hemacandra (Yogaśāstra 4.81-5 [vol. 2, p. 871-3]).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirodhana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirōdhana (निरोधन).—n S Restraining, confining, checking: also obstructing or impeding.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirodhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirodhana (निरोधन).—1 Confinement, locking up, imprisonment; Bhāgavata 1.58.58; निरोधनेन बन्धेन विविधेन वधेन च (nirodhanena bandhena vividhena vadhena ca) (nigṛhṇīyāt) Manusmṛti 8.31; वैश्यः सर्वस्वदण्डः स्यात् संवत्सरनिरोधतः (vaiśyaḥ sarvasvadaṇḍaḥ syāt saṃvatsaranirodhataḥ) 375.

2) Enclosing, covering up; Amaruśataka 87.

3) Restraint, check, suppression, control; योगश्चित्तवृत्तिनिरोधः (yogaścittavṛttinirodhaḥ) Yoga. S.; अन्तश्चराणां मरुतां निरोधान्निवातनिष्कम्पमिव प्रदीपम् (antaścarāṇāṃ marutāṃ nirodhānnivātaniṣkampamiva pradīpam) Kumārasambhava 3.48.

4) Hindrance, obstruction, opposition.

5) Hurting, punishing, injuring.

6) Annihilation, complete destruction; जन्मनिरोधं प्रवदन्ति यस्य (janmanirodhaṃ pravadanti yasya) Śvet. Up.3.21.

7) Aversion, dislike.

8) Disappointment, frustration of hopes (in dramatic language).

9) (With the Buddhists) Suppression of pain.

1) Extinction (laya), निरोधोऽस्यानुशयनमात्मनः सह शक्तिभिः (nirodho'syānuśayanamātmanaḥ saha śaktibhiḥ) Bhāgavata 2.1.6.

Derivable forms: nirodhanam (निरोधनम्).

See also (synonyms): nirodha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirodhana (निरोधन).—i. e. ni-rudh + ana, I. adj. 1. Confining, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 26, 7. 2. Obstructing, [Suśruta] 2, 525, 1. Ii. n. 1. Imprisonment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 310. 2. Cocrcion, Mahābhārata 3, 125. 3. Disappointment, Daśarūp. 1, 31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirodhana (निरोधन).—[adjective] confining, obstructing (—°); [neuter] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirodhana (निरोधन):—[=ni-rodhana] [from ni-rudh] mfn. idem, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] n. confining, imprisonment, [Manu-smṛti viii, 310]

3) [v.s. ...] keeping back, restraining, subduing, suppressing, [Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] denying, refusing, [Atharva-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) = rodha, [Daśarūpa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirodhana (निरोधन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇiruṃbhaṇa, Ṇirohaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirodhana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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