Nirodha: 22 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nirodha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nirodha (निरोध, “hindrance”) refers to ‘frustration’ or impediment to the successful progression of the plot. Nirodha represents one of the thirteen pratimukhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. This element is also known by the name Virodha. Pratimukhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the progressing part (pratimukha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Nirodha (निरोध).—One of the twelve elements of the ‘progression segment’ (pratimukhasandhi);—(Description:) Appearance of some calamity is called Hindrance (nirodha).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsCessation; disbanding; stopping.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

(Cessation) nirodha is the cessation of all aggregates and consciousness as a whole - even at a subtle level. In order to be experienced, it does require some specific determinations and the development of considerably more concentration than the one required for experiencing nibbana.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Nirodha means disappearance.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

s. Nirodha (“extinction”); - of craving: tanhakkhaya.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'extinction'; s. nirodha-samāpatti, anupubba-nirodha.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Nirodha (निरोध) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘viṣṭi’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., nirodha) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Nirodha (निरोध, “cessation”) refers to the third of the “four noble truths” (caturāryasatya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 21). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., nirodha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Nirodha or Nirodhayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of cessation” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93).

Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

It means having put the Two Obstacles, i.e. the obstacle of afflictions and the obstacle of what is known, to an end. It also means that the beings have transcended the Two Deaths, i.e. glare sectioned birth and death and changed birth and death.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nirodha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nirodha : (m.) cessation; the final truth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nirodha, (BSk. nirodha, to nirundhati, cp. nirujjhati & niruddha) oppression, suppression; destruction, cessation, annihilation (of senses, consciousness, feeling & being in general: saṅkhārā). Bdhgh’s explanation of the word is: “ni-saddo abhāvaṃ, rodha-saddo ca cārakaṃ dīpeti Vism. 495.—N. in many cases is synonymous with nibbāna & parinibbāna; it may be said to be even a stronger expression as far as the active destruction of the causes of life is concerned. Therefore frequently combined with nibbāna in formula “sabbasaṅkhāra-samatho ... virāgo nirodho nibbānaṃ, ” e.g. S. I, 136; It. 88. Nd2 s. nibbāna (see nibbāna III, 6). Also in combination with nibbidā, e.g. S. III, 48, 223; III, 163 sq.; V, 438.—The opposite of nirodha is samudaya, cp. formula “yaṃ kiñci samudaya-dhammaṃ sabban taṃ nirodha-dhammaṃ” e.g. Nd2 under saṅkhārā & passim. (a) Vin. I, 1, 10; D. II, 33, 41, 57 sq. , 112; III, 130 sq. , 136 sq. , 226 sq.; J. I, 133; II, 9 sq. , 223; III, 59 sq. , 163; V, 438; M. I, 140, 263, 410; A. I, 299; IV, 456 (=āsavānaṃ parikkhaya); Th. 2, 6 (=kilesanirodha ThA. 13), 158; It. 46=Sn. 755 (nirodhe ye vimuccanti te janā maccuhāyino); It. 62=Sn. 754; Sn. 731, 1037; Ps. I, 192; II, 44 sq. , 221; Pug. 68; Vbh. 99 sq. , 229; Nett 14, 16 sq.; Vism. 372; VvA. 63; PvA. 220 (jīvitassa).—(b) (as-°): anupubba° D. III, 266; A. IV, 409, 456; abhisaññā° D. I, 180; asesavirāga° S. II, 4, 12; IV, 86; V, 421 sq.; A. I, 177; II, 158, 161; upādāna° S. III, 14; kāma° A. III, 410 sq.; jāti° S. IV, 86; taṇhā° D. III, 216; dukkha° D. III, 136; S. III, 32, 60; IV, 4 sq. , 14, 384; A. I, 177; nandi° S. III, 14; IV, 36; bhava° (=nibbāna) S. II, 117; III, 14; A. V, 9; Ps. I, 159; sakkāya° D. III, 240; S. V, 410; A. II, 165 sq.; III, 246, 325 sq.; V, 238 sq.; saññāvedayita° D. III, 262, 266; S. IV, 217, 293 sq.; V, 213 sq.; A. I, 41; III, 192; IV, 306; V, 209.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirōdha (निरोध).—m (S) Restraining or confining: restraint or confinement: also obstructing or impeding gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirōdha (निरोध).—m nirōdhana n Restraining; restraint. Obstructing. Restraining, confining, checking; also obstructing or imped- ing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirodha (निरोध).—1 Confinement, locking up, imprisonment; Bhāg.1.58.58; निरोधनेन बन्धेन विविधेन वधेन च (nirodhanena bandhena vividhena vadhena ca) (nigṛhṇīyāt) Ms.8.31; वैश्यः सर्वस्वदण्डः स्यात् संवत्सरनिरोधतः (vaiśyaḥ sarvasvadaṇḍaḥ syāt saṃvatsaranirodhataḥ) 375.

2) Enclosing, covering up; Amaru.87.

3) Restraint, check, suppression, control; योगश्चित्तवृत्तिनिरोधः (yogaścittavṛttinirodhaḥ) Yoga. S.; अन्तश्चराणां मरुतां निरोधान्निवातनिष्कम्पमिव प्रदीपम् (antaścarāṇāṃ marutāṃ nirodhānnivātaniṣkampamiva pradīpam) Ku.3.48.

4) Hindrance, obstruction, opposition.

5) Hurting, punishing, injuring.

6) Annihilation, complete destruction; जन्मनिरोधं प्रवदन्ति यस्य (janmanirodhaṃ pravadanti yasya) Śvet. Up.3.21.

7) Aversion, dislike.

8) Disappointment, frustration of hopes (in dramatic language).

9) (With the Buddhists) Suppression of pain.

1) Extinction (laya), निरोधोऽस्यानुशयनमात्मनः सह शक्तिभिः (nirodho'syānuśayanamātmanaḥ saha śaktibhiḥ) Bhāg.2.1.6.

Derivable forms: nirodhaḥ (निरोधः).

See also (synonyms): nirodhana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nirodha (निरोध).—m. (= Sanskrit and Pali id.), suppression; in statements of the 3d Noble Truth, see ārya-satya; ni°- samāpatti, see this; meaning obscure in (sukhito pramuditaḥ pratikrośaṃ) pratilabhati (sc. in the decadence of religion) purima-nirodha-dṛṣṭaṃ Mahāvastu ii.371.(10—)11 (verse); Senart's note has what seems to me an unacceptable suggestion. Could it mean (revilings) seen in earlier repressions (of religion)? [See s.v. Rodha for a wrong reading which would make Nirodha the name of a former Buddha, Lalitavistara 171.17.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirodha (निरोध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) 1. Loss, destruction. 2. Opposition, hindrance, check, restraint, prevention. 3. A version, disfavour, dislike. 4. Preserving. 5. Confinement. E. ni before, rudh to oppose, affix bhāve ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirodha (निरोध).—i. e. ni-rudh + a, m. 1. Confinement, imprisonment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 375. 2. Coercion, 6, 60. 3. Obstruction, Mahābhārata 3, 11554. 4. Destruction, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 111. 5. Disappointment, Daśarūp. 1, 31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirodha (निरोध).—[masculine] shutting in, confinement, restraint, coercion, oppression.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirodha (निरोध):—[=ni-rodha] [from ni-rudh] m. confinement, locking up, imprisonment (-tas, [Manu-smṛti viii, 375])

2) [v.s. ...] investment, siege, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] enclosing, covering up, [Varāha-mihira; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] restraint, check, control, suppression, destruction, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) disappointment, frustration of hope, [Daśarūpa]

6) [v.s. ...] (with, [Buddhist literature]) suppression or annihilation of pain (one of the 4 principles), [Lalita-vistara; Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 43, 56, 137 etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] process to which minerals ([especially] quicksilver) are subjected, [Catalogue(s)]

8) [v.s. ...] hurting, injuring (= ni-graha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] aversion, disfavour, dislike, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Lalita-vistara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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