Nirodha; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nirodha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nirodha (निरोध, “hindrance”) refers to ‘frustration’ or impediment to the successful progression of the plot. Nirodha represents one of the thirteen pratimukhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. This element is also known by the name Virodha. Pratimukhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the progressing part (pratimukha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nirodha (निरोध).—One of the twelve elements of the ‘progression segment’ (pratimukhasandhi);—(Description:) Appearance of some calamity is called Hindrance (nirodha).

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Cessation; disbanding; stopping.(Source): Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

(Cessation) nirodha is the cessation of all aggregates and consciousness as a whole - even at a subtle level. In order to be experienced, it does require some specific determinations and the development of considerably more concentration than the one required for experiencing nibbana.

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

Nirodha means disappearance.

(Source): Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

s. Nirodha (“extinction”); - of craving: tanhakkhaya.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'extinction'; s. nirodha-samāpatti, anupubba-nirodha.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

General definition (in Buddhism)

Nirodha (निरोध, “cessation”) refers to the third of the “four noble truths” (caturāryasatya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 21). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., nirodha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Nirodha or Nirodhayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of cessation” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

It means having put the Two Obstacles, i.e. the obstacle of afflictions and the obstacle of what is known, to an end. It also means that the beings have transcended the Two Deaths, i.e. glare sectioned birth and death and changed birth and death.

(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

nirodha : (m.) cessation; the final truth.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nirodha, (BSk. nirodha, to nirundhati, cp. nirujjhati & niruddha) oppression, suppression; destruction, cessation, annihilation (of senses, consciousness, feeling & being in general: saṅkhārā). Bdhgh’s expln of the word is: “ni-saddo abhāvaṃ, rodha-saddo ca cārakaṃ dīpeti Vism. 495.—N. in many cases is synonymous with nibbāna & parinibbāna; it may be said to be even a stronger expression as far as the active destruction of the causes of life is concerned. Therefore frequently combd with nibbāna in formula “sabbasaṅkhāra-samatho ... virāgo nirodho nibbānaṃ, ” e.g. S. I, 136; It. 88. Nd2 s. nibbāna (see nibbāna III, 6). Also in combn with nibbidā, e.g. S. III, 48, 223; III, 163 sq.; V, 438.—The opposite of nirodha is samudaya, cp. formula “yaṃ kiñci samudaya-dhammaṃ sabban taṃ nirodha-dhammaṃ” e.g. Nd2 under saṅkhārā & passim. (a) Vin. I, 1, 10; D. II, 33, 41, 57 sq. , 112; III, 130 sq. , 136 sq. , 226 sq.; J. I, 133; II, 9 sq. , 223; III, 59 sq. , 163; V, 438; M. I, 140, 263, 410; A. I, 299; IV, 456 (=āsavānaṃ parikkhaya); Th. 2, 6 (=kilesanirodha ThA. 13), 158; It. 46=Sn. 755 (nirodhe ye vimuccanti te janā maccuhāyino); It. 62=Sn. 754; Sn. 731, 1037; Ps. I, 192; II, 44 sq. , 221; Pug. 68; Vbh. 99 sq. , 229; Nett 14, 16 sq.; Vism. 372; VvA. 63; PvA. 220 (jīvitassa).—(b) (as-°): anupubba° D. III, 266; A. IV, 409, 456; abhisaññā° D. I, 180; asesavirāga° S. II, 4, 12; IV, 86; V, 421 sq.; A. I, 177; II, 158, 161; upādāna° S. III, 14; kāma° A. III, 410 sq.; jāti° S. IV, 86; taṇhā° D. III, 216; dukkha° D. III, 136; S. III, 32, 60; IV, 4 sq. , 14, 384; A. I, 177; nandi° S. III, 14; IV, 36; bhava° (=nibbāna) S. II, 117; III, 14; A. V, 9; Ps. I, 159; sakkāya° D. III, 240; S. V, 410; A. II, 165 sq.; III, 246, 325 sq.; V, 238 sq.; saññāvedayita° D. III, 262, 266; S. IV, 217, 293 sq.; V, 213 sq.; A. I, 41; III, 192; IV, 306; V, 209.

—dhamma subject to destruction, able to be destroyed, destructible (usually in formula of samudaya-dhamma, see above) Vin. I, 11; D. I, 110; S. IV, 47, 107, 214; M. III, 280; A. V, 143 sq.; —dhammatā liability to destruction S. IV, 217; —dhātu the element or condition of annihilation, one of the 3 dhātus, viz. rūpa, arūpa° n°. D. III, 215; It. 45; Nett 97; —saññā perception or consciousness of annihilation D. III, 251 sq. , 283; A. III, 334; —samāpatti attainment of annihilation Ps. I, 97, 100; Miln. 300; Vism. 702. (Page 371)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

nirōdha (निरोध).—m (S) Restraining or confining: restraint or confinement: also obstructing or impeding gen.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirōdha (निरोध).—m nirōdhana n Restraining; restraint. Obstructing. Restraining, confining, checking; also obstructing or imped- ing.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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Samvatsaranirodha
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Apratisamkhyanirodha
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