Nirgrantha, aka: Nir-grantha; 6 Definition(s)


Nirgrantha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Nirgrantha in Purana glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nirgrantha (निर्ग्रन्थ).—A heretical sect of ascetics putting on monkish dress in Kali.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 31. 65; III. 14. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 64; 78. 30.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nirgrantha in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nirgrantha (निर्ग्रन्थ) refers to “Jain monks”, whose mask should be represented as having a shaven head (śiromuṇḍa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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1) Nirgrantha (निर्ग्रन्थ).—How many kinds of ascetic (nirgrantha-muni) are there? The ascetics are of five kinds namely;

  1. husk (pulāka),
  2. the tainted (bakuśa),
  3. imperfect or unwholesome disposition (kuśīla),
  4. the unbound (nirgrantha),
  5. successful (snātaka).

Why are all these five kinds of ascetics (muni) also called passionless (nirgrantha)? The five types of ascetics are with right belief and are free from all possessions. However they are classified differently due to different levels of the practice of vows. Being free from possessions and with right belief, they are also collectively called as passionless.

Each of the five types of ascetics can be further sub classified in seven sub categories namely

  1. self-restraint (saṃyama),
  2. scriptural knowledge (vitarka),
  3. transmigression (pratisevanā),
  4. the period of the fordmaker (tīrtha),
  5. the sign (liṅga),
  6. the thought-colouration (leśyā),
  7. birth by descent (upapāda),
  8. the state /condition (sthāna).

2) Nirgrantha (निर्ग्रन्थ, “unbound”).—What is meant by nirgrantha (‘the unbound’)? The passionless ascetic, who has rising karmas like the line drawn in the water, i.e. the passions are extremely week and are soon going to disappear, is called nirgraṃtha.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Nirgrantha.—(CII 1), a follower of the Jain religion. Note: nirgrantha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirgrantha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nirgrantha (निर्ग्रन्थ).—a.

1) freed from all ties or hindrances; आत्मारामाश्च मुनयो निर्ग्रन्था अप्युरुक्रमे । कुर्वन्त्यहैतुकीं भक्तिम् (ātmārāmāśca munayo nirgranthā apyurukrame | kurvantyahaitukīṃ bhaktim) Bhāg.1.7.1.

2) poor, possessionless, beggarly.

3) alone, unassisted. (-nthaḥ) 1 an idiot, a fool.

2) a gambler.

3) a saint or devotee who has renounced all worldly attachments and wanders about naked and lives as a hermit.

4) A Buddha Muni.

Nirgrantha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and grantha (ग्रन्थ).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirgrantha (निर्ग्रन्थ).—m.

(-nthaḥ) 1. A saint, a devotee, one who has withdrawn from the world, and lives either as a beggar or a hermit. 2. A religious character wandering about naked. 3. A pauper, a beggar. 4. An idiot, a fool. 5. A gambler. E. nira not, grantha a knot or tie, or figuratively, attachment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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