Nirata: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Nirata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirat.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nirata (निरत) refers to “one’s intention”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The Śāmbhava yogi) has the authority (to perform the rites), knows the scripture and has a consort. [...] Intent on the practice of mantras [i.e., mantrānuṣṭhāna-nirata], he wears ochre clothes. He wanders in search of alms amongst Brahmins and others in the group of eight Houses born of Kula. Craving the practice of accomplishments (siddhisādhana), he is the Āṇavayogin”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Nirata (निरत) refers to an “observer” (i.e., of fasting and penance), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must be of cleanly habits, able, noble-minded, eloquent and of originality and imagination; must possess a knowledge of place and time; be meek and without nervousness, must be difficult of conquest by his fellow students; must be able and devoid of vices; must be learned in matters of expiatory ceremonies, of Hygiene, of Occult Magic and of ablutions; must be a worshipper of the Devas and an observer [i.e., nirata] of fast and penance; must be of remarkable genius and capable of solving any difficulties save in matters of direct divine interference; and finally, he must be learned in astronomy, natural astrology (Saṃhitā) and horoscopy”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Nirata [ನೀರಟ] in the Tulu language is the name of a plant identified with Pistia stratiotes L. from the Araceae (Arum) family. For the possible medicinal usage of nirata, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Nirata (निरत) refers to “one who is devoted” (to his own wife), according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “A Brāhmaṇa—who is abiding in the source of Brahman, devoted to his own wife (svadāra-nirata) and pure—is entitled to Viṣṇu’s supreme Creative Energy in the form of Mantra. A Brāhmaṇa who is not supported may not act with it (i.e. the kriyāśakti) in this world. [...]”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nirata : (adj.) fond of; attached to.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nirata, (adj.) (pp. of niramati) fond of, attached to (-°) S. I, 133; DA. I, 250; PvA. 5 (duccarita°), 89, 161 (hitakaraṇa°). (Page 369)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirata (निरत).—a S Excessively attached or devoted to.

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nirāṭa (निराट).—a W Free from shade; open and sunshiny--a place.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirata (निरत).—a Excessively attached to.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirata (निरत).—a.

1) Engaged or interested in; स्वकर्मनिरतः सिद्धिं यथा विन्दति तच्छृणु (svakarmanirataḥ siddhiṃ yathā vindati tacchṛṇu) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.45.

2) Devoted to, fond of, attached to; वनवासनिरतः (vanavāsanirataḥ) K.157; मृगया° (mṛgayā°) &c.

3) Pleased, delighted.

4) Rested, ceased.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirata (निरत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Engaged or interested in. 2. Attached or devoted to. E. ni, and rata occupied.

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Nīrata (नीरत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Indifferent, not taking pleasure in. 2. Stopped, in stating. E. ni neg. or affir. rata engaged in, i made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirata (निरत).—[adjective] satisfied with, delighting in, devoted to, intent upon ([locative], [instrumental], or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nīrata (नीरत):—[=nī-rata] [from nī > niḥ] mfn. not delighting in, indifferent (= virata), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Nirata (निरत):—[=ni-rata] a ti See ni-ram.

3) [=ni-rata] [from ni-ram] b mfn. pleased, satisfied, delighting in, attached or devoted to, quite intent upon, deeply engaged in or occupied with ([locative case] [instrumental case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Varāha-mihira; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirata (निरत):—[nir-ata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Devoted to.

2) Nīrata (नीरत):—[nī-rata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) p. Stopped; indifferent.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirata (निरत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇiraya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nirata (निरत) [Also spelled nirat]:—(a) engaged; absorbed, engrossed; hence ~[ti] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirata (ನಿರತ):—

1) [adjective] engaged in; dealing in; interested in.

2) [adjective] absorbed in; attached or devoted to.

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Nirata (ನಿರತ):—

1) [noun] a man who is engaged, interested in.

2) [noun] he who is absorbed in, attached or devoted to.

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Nīrāṭa (ನೀರಾಟ):—[noun] any sport played in or on water; water-sport.

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Nīrāṭa (ನೀರಾಟ):—[noun] the plant Lemna gibba of Lemnaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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