Nikriti, Nikṛti: 12 definitions


Nikriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nikṛti can be transliterated into English as Nikrti or Nikriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nikṛti (निकृति).—(Niṣkṛti) born of Dambha and Māyā;1 the first wife of Kali.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 3.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 9.

1b) A daughter of Hiṃsā and Adharma; mother of Bhaya and Naraka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 63; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 39.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Nikṛti (निकृति) is the name of a river at the foot of Mount Aṣṭāpada, according to chapter 5.4 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Megharatha related:—“[...] After Damitāri had wandered in the forest of existence, he became the son of the ascetic Somaprabha on the bank of the river Nikṛti at the foot of Mount Aṣṭāpada in Bharata in Jambūdvīpa. He practiced foolish penance and became a god, Surūpa. This god, intolerant of the praise bestowed on me by the Indra of Īśāna came and made this test of me. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nikṛti (निकृति).—a. Base, dishonest, wicked.

-tiḥ f.

1) Baseness, wickedness.

2) Dishonesty, fraud, deception; अनिकृतिनिपुणं ते चेष्टितं मानशौण्ड (anikṛtinipuṇaṃ te ceṣṭitaṃ mānaśauṇḍa) Ve.5.21; Kirātārjunīya 1.45. अयं कौमारमारभ्य निकृतिप्रकृतिः स्वयम् (ayaṃ kaumāramārabhya nikṛtiprakṛtiḥ svayam) Śiva. B.17.21; अन्तर्गतगुरु- निकृतिः (antargataguru- nikṛtiḥ) 17.26.

3) Insult, offence, humiliation; स्वाग्रासनाप- नयनान्निकृतिर्न सोढा (svāgrāsanāpa- nayanānnikṛtirna soḍhā) Mu.4.11.

4) Abuse, reproach.

5) Rejection, removela

6) Poverty, indigence.

7) The earth.

8) Name of one of the eight Vasus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikṛti (निकृति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Wickedness, dishonesty. 2. Abuse, reproach. 3. Rejection, removal. 4. Poverty, indigence. E. ni prefixed to kṛt to cut, affix ki. or ni + kṛ-bhāve ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikṛti (निकृति).—[ni-kṛ + ti], I. f. 1. Dishonesty, Mahābhārata 2, 2042. 2. Abuse, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 30. 3. A wicked person, Mahābhārata 12, 6269. Ii. m. The name of a deity, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11540.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikṛti (निकृति).—[feminine] baseness, meanness, deceit, fraud (also personif.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nikṛti (निकृति):—[=ni-kṛti] [from ni-kṛ] mfn. deceitful, dishonest, [Mahābhārata xii, 6269; iii, 11810] ([Nīlakaṇṭha])

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of one of the 8 Vasus, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] nir-ṛti)

3) [v.s. ...] f. low conduct, baseness, dishonesty, fraud, wickedness, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (personified as a daughter of A-dharma and mother of Lobha [Mahābhārata], or as a sister of Lobha and daughter of Dambha [Bhāgavata-purāṇa])

4) [v.s. ...] abuse, reproach

5) [v.s. ...] rejection, removal

6) [v.s. ...] poverty, indigence, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikṛti (निकृति):—[ni-kṛti] (tiḥ) 2. f. Wickedness, abuse, rejection; poverty.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nikṛti (निकृति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇiai, Ṇiaḍi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nikriti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nikṛti (ನಿಕೃತಿ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being inferior, despicable.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of deceiving.

3) [noun] humiliation; degradation; insult.

4) [noun] the act or an instance of removing; removal.

5) [noun] the condition of being poor; poverty; indigence.

6) [noun] the earth.

7) [noun] (myth.) one of the eight deities, known as Vasus, who are chiefly the attendants upon Indra, the chief of gods.

8) [noun] the fact of deceiving or being deceived by appearance; illusion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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