Nighanta, Nighaṇṭa: 6 definitions



Nighanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Nighanta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Nighaṇṭa (निघण्ट) is the name of a Dānava, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Accordingly, “... long ago there came to impede Prajāpati, in his creation of creatures, two terrible Dānavas, named Ghaṇṭa and Nighaṇṭa, invincible even by gods. And the Creator, being desirous of destroying them, created these two maidens, the splendour of whose measureless beauty seemed capable of maddening the world”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Nighaṇṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nighaṇṭa (निघंट).—m S A vocabulary of the words peculiar to the Vedas. 2 A vocabulary gen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nighaṇṭa (निघण्ट).—

1) A vocabulary or glossary of words.

2) Particularly the glossary of Vedic words explained by Yāska, in his Nirukta.

Derivable forms: nighaṇṭaḥ (निघण्टः).

See also (synonyms): nighaṇṭu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nighaṇṭa (निघण्ट):—[=ni-ghaṇṭa] m. (√ghaṇṭ, to speak?; cf. ghaṇṭā, a bell) a collection of words, vocabulary, [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Dānava, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Nighaṇṭa (निघण्ट):—Vocabel, dann (richtiger pl.) Glossarium [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 258], Randgl. so heisst in den Unterschriften der Kapitel häufig die Sammlung vedischer Wörter, welche im [NIRUKTA] erläutert wird. dhanvantari (s. u. dhanvantari), rāja [Colebrooke II, 20.] ekākṣara, mātṛkā, mātṛkā [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 911.] — Vgl. nighaṇṭu, nirghaṇṭa .

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Nighaṇṭa (निघण्ट):—m. neben ghaṇṭa Nomen proprium eines Dānava [Kathāsaritsāgara 121, 229.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Nighaṇṭa (निघण्ट):—m.

1) Glossar.

2) Nomen proprium eines Dānava.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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