Nicca; 3 Definition(s)


Nicca means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

N (Eternal, which does last). Permanence.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Nicca in Pali glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nicca : (adj.) constant; continuous; permanent.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nicca, (adj.) (Vedic nitya, adj. -formation fr. ni, meaning “downward”=onward, on and on; according to Grassmann (Wtb. z. Rig Veda) originally “inwardly, homely”) constant, continuous, permanent D. III, 31; S. I, 142; II, 109, 198; IV, 24 sq. , 45, 63; A. II, 33, 52; V, 210; Ps. II, 80; Vbh. 335, 426. In chain of synonyms: nicca dhuva sassata avipariṇāmadhamma D. I, 21; S. III, 144, 147; see below anicca, — nt. adv. niccaṃ perpetually, constantly, always (syn. sadā) M. I, 326; III, 271; Sn. 69, 220, 336; Dh. 23, 109, 206, 293; J. I, 290; III, 26, 190; Nd2 345 (=dhuvakālaṃ); PvA. 32, 55, 134. ‹-› Far more freq. as anicca (adj.; aniccaṃ nt. n.) unstable, impermanent, inconstant; (nt.) evanescence, inconstancy, impermanence.—The emphatic assertion of impermanence (continuous change of condition) is a prominent axiom of the Dhamma, & the realization of the evanescent character of all things mental or material is one of the primary conditions of attaining right knowledge (: anicca-saññaṃ manasikaroti to ponder over the idea of impermanence S. II, 47; III, 155; V, 132; Ps. II, 48 sq. , 100; PvA. 62 etc.—kāye anicc’ânupassin realizing the impermanence of the body (together with vayânupassin & nirodha°) S. IV, 211; V, 324, 345; Ps. II, 37, 45 sq. , 241 sq. See anupassanā). In this import anicca occurs in many combinations of similar terms, all characterising change, its consequences & its meaning, esp. in the famous triad “aniccaṃ dukkhaṃ anattā” (see dukkha II. 2), e.g. S. III, 41, 67, 180; IV, 28 (sabbaṃ), 85 sq. , 106 sq.; 133 sq. Thus anicca addhuva appāyuka cavanadhamma D. I, 21. anicca+dukkha S. II, 53 (yad aniccaṃ taṃ dukkhaṃ); IV, 28, 31, V, 345; A. IV, 52 (anicce dukkhasaññā); M. I, 500 (+roga etc.); Nd2 214 (id. cp. roga). anicca dukkha vipariṇāmadhamma (of kāmā) D. I, 36. aniccasaññī anattasaññī A. IV, 353; etc. ‹-› Opposed to this ever-fluctuating impermanence is Nibbāna (q. v.), which is therefore marked with the attributes of constancy & stableness (cp. dhuva, sassata amata, vipariṇāma).—See further for ref. S. II, 244 sq. (saḷāyatanaṃ a.), 248 (dhātuyo); III, 102 (rūpa etc.); IV, 131, 151; A. II, 33, 52; V, 187 sq. , 343 sq.; Sn. 805; Ps. I, 191; II, 28 sq. , 80, 106; Vbh. 12 (rūpa etc.), 70 (dvādasâyatanāni), 319 (viññāṇā), 324 (khandhā), 373; PvA. 60 (=ittara).

—kālaṃ (adv.) constantly Nd2 345; —dāna a perpetual gift D. I, 144 (cp. DA. I, 302); —bhatta a continuous foodsupply (for the bhikkhus) J. I, 178; VvA. 92; PvA. 54; —bhattika one who enjoys a continuous supply of food (as charity) Vin. II, 78; III, 237 (=dhuva-bhattika); IV, 271; —saññā (& adj. saññin) the consciousness or idea of permanence (adj. having etc.) A. II, 52; III, 79, 334; IV, 13, 145 sq.; Nett 27; —sīla the uninterrupted observance of good conduct VvA. 72; PvA. 256. (Page 355)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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