Navatattva, Navan-tattva: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Navatattva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Navatattva in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Navatattva (नवतत्त्व) refers to the “nine tattvas”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.36cd-45, while describing rituals involving the śaśimaṇḍala]—“The Mantrin [writes the name of the person] who wishes to become Amṛteśa as well as the nine tattvas, starting with Śiva (navatattvaśivādinavatattvāni) in the śaśimaṇḍala, from the middle going east, etc. When overcome with 100 illnesses or threats of untimely death, then [the Mantrin] conducts worship with white implements, or with ghee mixed with milk, or with sesame seeds, or [he] uses fuel made of milk[-tree wood]. From [this] oblation [the afflicted] attains peace. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Navatattva in Jainism glossary
Source: University of Cambridge: Jainism

Navatattva (नवतत्त्व) is a fundamental Śvetāmbara Jain treatise (prakaraṇa) written in Jaina Māhārāṣṭrī Prakrit in verse form. The heart of the work is based on the enumeration of the nine principles (tattva) as listed in the Tattvārthasūtra and is devoted to a systematic exposition of each of them in turn, but the longer recensions have more technicalities. [...] The Navatattva is one of the works which is learnt among the first ones in the curriculum of Śvetāmbara mendicants even today. The Gujarati commentary is by Maticandra.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Navatattva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Navatattva (नवतत्त्व):—[=nava-tattva] [from nava] n. Name of [work]

[Sanskrit to German]

Navatattva in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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