Navakalevara, Nava-kalevara: 1 definition


Navakalevara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Navakalevara in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Dhiti blog: The Navakalevara Ceremony at Puri

Navakalevara (नवकलेवर) is the name of a festival (symbolizing the cycle of birth, death and re-birth) which is celebrated at Puri: a sacred site home to the eternal abode of Śrī Jagannātha.—At the Jagannāth Temple in Puri, the periodic re-casting and consecration of the mūrtis of Śrī Kṛṣṇa as Jagannath, his brother Balabhadra and sister Subhadrā take place through a series of highly secret rituals, called Navakalevara or “New Embodiment”. The ceremony takes place every 12 or 19 years (determined astrologically), in a year with two Āṣāḍhas. The most recent one was carried out in 2015. The Navakalevara ceremony is, on a metaphysical level, an analogy for the cycle of birth, death and re-birth, and is described in the texts Vanayāgavidhi (the method of the forest-sacrifice) and Calaśrīmūrtipratiṣthāvidhi (the procedure of the consecration of the holy movable images).

Navakalevara consists of five phases:

  1. the selection of the dāru or the tree trunk with the prescribed characteristics, fashioning into a log and bringing it to the Temple;
  2. the carving of the wood into mūrtis in a sacred space behind closed doors by the daitas;
  3. the prāṇapratiṣṭhā or consecration of the mūrtis and their infusion with the brahmapadārtha;
  4. the burial of the older images of the triad, their funeral, and the purification rites of the daitas;
  5. the final purification, covering the new icons with cloth, their painting and final establishment by the Brahmins.
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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