Natika, Ñātika, Nāṭika: 10 definitions


Natika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Natya Shastra

Nāṭikā (नाटिका) or Nāṭī (नाटी).—A type of dramatic play;—Different in origin from (the two types of plays) the nāṭaka and the prakaraṇa, its plot should be invented, the Hero should be a king, and it should be based on an incident relating to music or affairs of the harem. And it contains an abundance of female characters, has four Acts, graceful gestures as its soul; well-arranged constituents, many dances, songs and recitations, and love’s enjoyment are its chief features.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Nāṭikā (नाटिका) refers to one of the twelve kinds of Rūpaka, which represents the dṛśyakāvya division of Kāvya (“poetry”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, in nāṭikā, there should be four acts and the predominant sentiment should be Śṛṇgāra. Nāṭyaśāstra also agrees with this viewpoint and said that nāṭikā should contain loads of female characters, dances, songs, love, enjoyment etc. According to the Sāhityadarpaṇa, the lady born in royal family having the interest on Music, Dance etc. should be the heroin of a nāṭikā

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Nātika (नातिक) or Ñātika is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Saṃyutta Nikāya we are told that the Buddha stayed at Nātika. It is called Nādika (of the Nādikas). The identification of the place is not known.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nāṭika : (nt.) a drama. || nāṭikā (f.), a dancing girl.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāṭikā (नाटिका).—A short or light comedy, one of the Uparūpakas, q. v.; e. g. the Ratnāvalī, Priyadarśikā or Viddhaśālabañjikā. The S. D. thus defines it :-- नाटिका क्लृप्तवृत्ता स्यात् स्त्रीप्राया चतुरङ्किका । प्रख्यातो धीरललितस्तत्र स्यान्नायको नृपः ॥ स्यादन्तःपुरसंबन्धा संगीतव्यापृताऽथवा । नवानुरागा कन्याऽत्र नायिका नृपवंशजा ॥ संप्रवर्तेत नेतास्यां देव्यास्त्रासेन शङ्कितः । देवी पुनर्भवेज्ज्येष्ठा प्रगल्भा नृपवंशजा ॥ पदे पदे मानवती तद्वशः संगमो द्वयोः । वृत्तिः स्यात् कौशिकी स्वल्पविमर्शाः संधयः पुनः (nāṭikā klṛptavṛttā syāt strīprāyā caturaṅkikā | prakhyāto dhīralalitastatra syānnāyako nṛpaḥ || syādantaḥpurasaṃbandhā saṃgītavyāpṛtā'thavā | navānurāgā kanyā'tra nāyikā nṛpavaṃśajā || saṃpravarteta netāsyāṃ devyāstrāsena śaṅkitaḥ | devī punarbhavejjyeṣṭhā pragalbhā nṛpavaṃśajā || pade pade mānavatī tadvaśaḥ saṃgamo dvayoḥ | vṛttiḥ syāt kauśikī svalpavimarśāḥ saṃdhayaḥ punaḥ) || 539.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Naṭikā (नटिका).—= next, name of a yakṣiṇī: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 565.1 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāṭikā (नाटिका).—f.

(-kā) A short or light comedy, the first of the Uparupakas or dramas of the second order. E. naṭ to dance, ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nāṭikā (नाटिका):—[from nāṭaka > nāṭa] a f. a kind of Upa-rūpaka or drama of the second order, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] any show or representation, [Bālarāmāyaṇa vii, 76]

3) [v.s. ...] (in music) Name of a Rāgiṇī

4) [from nāṭa] b f. of ṭaka q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāṭikā (नाटिका):—(kā) 1. f. A light comedy.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nāṭikā (नाटिका):—(nf) diminutive of [nāṭaka]—a short play.

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