Nath, Nāth: 5 definitions

Introduction

Nath means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāth (नाथ्).—1 P. (nāthati, but sometimes Ā. also)

1) To ask, beg, solicit for anything (with dat. or two acc.); मोक्षाय नाथते मुनिः (mokṣāya nāthate muniḥ) Vop.; नाथसे किमु पतिं न भूभृतः (nāthase kimu patiṃ na bhūbhṛtaḥ) Ki.13.59; संतुष्ट- मिष्टानि तमिष्टदेवं नाथन्ति के नाम न लोकनाथम् (saṃtuṣṭa- miṣṭāni tamiṣṭadevaṃ nāthanti ke nāma na lokanātham) N.3.25; वनं न यायादिति नाथमानः (vanaṃ na yāyāditi nāthamānaḥ) Bu. Ch.2.54.

2) To have power, be master, prevail.

3) To harass, trouble.

4) To bless, wish well to, give blessings to; (said to be Ātm. only in this sense); धृत्या नाथस्व वैदेहि (dhṛtyā nāthasva vaidehi)... Bk.8.12; नाथितशमे (nāthitaśame) Mv.1.11; (Mammaṭa quotes the line dīnaṃ tvāmanunāthate kucayugaṃ patrāvṛtaṃ mā kṛthāḥ to show that nāth here only means 'to ask or beg', and says that nāthate should, therefore, be nāthati); सर्पिषो नाथते (sarpiṣo nāthate) Sk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāth (नाथ्).—[(ṛ) nāthṛ] r. 1st cl. (nāthati-te) 1. To ask or beg. 2. To bless. 3. To destroy. 4. To have wealth or power. 5. To be deceased. upatāpe para0 āśiṣi ātma0 aiśye arthane ca para0 bhvā0 saka0 seṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāth (नाथ्).—Nath and nādh NĀDh (akin to nam), i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] (also [Parasmaipada.], Mahābhārata 3, 12630). To beg, Mahābhārata 12, 1365 (with gen. of the object, Mahābhārata 3, 12630).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nāth (नाथ्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha ii, 6]) nāthate, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka] etc. (ti, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]; [perfect tense] nanātha; [Aorist] anāthīt; [future] nāthiṣyati, or nāthitā [grammar]; [infinitive mood] nāthitum, [Kathāsaritsāgara]; [indeclinable participle] -nāthya, [Prabodha-candrodaya])

—to seek aid, approach with prayers or requests ([locative case]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka];

—to ask, solicit, beg for ([genitive case] of thing, [Mahābhārata iii, 126, 30]; cf. [Pāṇini 2-3, 55]; [dative case] of th°, [Vopadeva]; with 2 [accusative] [Naiṣadha-carita iii, 25]);—to have power, be master, [Dhātupāṭha] :—[Causal] nāthayati, to cause a person to ask for anything id est. to grant a request ([accusative]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] ([Bombay edition]), [ii, 9, 25.]

2) to harass, destroy, [Dhātupāṭha]

3) cf.nādh; [Gothic] nithan, Old [Saxon] ginātha, nAsa; Hgerm. genāde, gnade.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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