Nasi, Nāsi, Nāsī, Nashi, Ṅasi: 11 definitions



Nasi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Nāsī (नासी).—Horseshoe arch matofis, or nāsīs, appear in numerous positions throughout a Drāviḍa temple. Where there is a śukanāsa, this displays the largest nāsī. Nāsīs appear on the main dome of a temple, on the dome of kūṭas, on the sides of śālā roofs and on their gable ends, where often they are partly submerged in the parapet. A nāsī forms the top of a pañjara, and the nāsīs of kūṭas and śālās belong to pañjaras within those elements. All these horseshoe arches can be described as major nāsīs.

At a smaller scale are the nāsī-dormers in the kapota mouldings, both the cornice kapotas and the kapota of the plinth. These are minor nāsīs. Then there are the nāsīs between the parapet pavilions, belonging to the hārantāra-pañjaras. At times these have the character of major nāsīs, though smaller than the others, while at other times they are clearly minor nāsīs.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

1) Nāsi (नासि).—A part (compound moulding) of the prastara, or ‘entablature’;—The nāsi is a motif used for decorating various parts of the building of the temple complex. Depending upon the size of the nāsi, it is classified into two categories. They are alpanāsi (small nāsi) and mahānāsi (big nāsi). It is basically a horse-shoe shaped motif.

Though this motif is referred to by the name kudu, the canonical texts refer to this motif only by the name nāsi and never as kudu. Kudu (Tamil) or gudu (Kannada) are dravidian terms, which means a nest or a niche. Architecturally it corresponds to the term nāsi (Sanskrit), which means the nose.

2) Nāsi as a decorative motif is carved on the pillars, mouldings of the plinth, on the toraṇas, on the doorframes, on the grīva of the śikhara, on the śikhara, on the parapet and on any other place found suitable by the artist for decoration. Therefore, the nāsi is the most popularly, profusely used versatile architectural motif noticeable in dravidian temple complex.

Depending upon the shape, size and also to a certain extent the location of the nāsi, they are classified into different types. They are

  1. mahānāsi,
  2. alpanāsi (or kṣudranāsi),
  3. netranāsi,
  4. kapotanāsi, etc.

However, irrespective of the size, shape and the location of the nāsi, their treatment is always uniform in nature.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Nāsī (नासी) [or nāsikā] refers to “- 1. niche or false skylight §§ 3.10, 15, 26, 28, 44; 5.12 (see alpa o , kudra o , bhadra o , mahā o ). - 2. tympanum of an arch (Aj) §§ 3.45; 4.31.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ṅasi (ङसि).—Case-ending of the ablative case, changed into आत् (āt) after bases ending in अ (a) and into स्मात् (smāt) after pronouns; cf.P.IV.1.2,VII.1.12,15.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Nāsi (नासि, “nose”) refers to one of the twelve “subsidiary limbs” (upāṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Upāṅgas or the subsidiary limbs consist of the eyes, the eye-brows, pupils, cheeks, nose [viz., Nāsi], jaws, lips, teeth, tongue, chin, face, and the head.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nāśī (नाशी).—a (S) That destroys, ruins, spoils, injures. In comp. as. pittanāśī, kaphanāśī, gṛhanāśī, vṛkṣanāśī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nāśī (नाशी).—a That destroys.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nasi (नसि):—[from nas] idem (?)

2) [v.s. ...] See kumbhī-n.

3) Nāśī (नाशी):—[from nāśa] f. Name of a river near Benares, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Nasi (नसि):—vielleicht Nase in kumbhīnasi.

--- OR ---

Nāśī (नाशी):—f. Nomen proprium eines Flusses bei Benares.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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