Nasana, Nāsana, Nashana, Nāśana: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Nasana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nāśana can be transliterated into English as Nasana or Nashana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nāśana (नाशन) (Cf. Nāśanī) refers to “that which destroys”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Pūrṇā (i.e., Pūrṇāmaṅgalā) is in the northwest and she sits on a vulture. She has one face, three eyes and two hands in which she holds a sword and, in the left, a severed head. She is a female warrior and, extremely fierce, she laughs loudly. She wears a deerskin. (Here) in the north-west, she destroys fear [i.e., bhaya-nāśanī]. Worshipped, she quickly bestows the boons and fruits of the adept’s (practice)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to “destroying (the dangers of saṃsāra)”, according to the Guhyasūtra, the largest book of the Niśvāsa-corpus (a collection of early Śaiva Tantras comprising the Niśvāsamukha, Mūlasūtra, Uttarasūtra, Nayasūtra, and Guhyasūtra).—Accordingly, “[...] (110) Knowing this, one should not give [lightly] the supreme nectar of Lord Śiva. (111) According to this scripture of the Lord, one may attain Śiva by each of the following [practised individually]: initiation, knowledge, yoga and caryā in due order. [...] (114) This tetrad has been taught to destroy the dangers of Saṃsāra (saṃsārabhaya-nāśana). It should not [lightly] be given to others if one desires supernatural power for oneself”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to “destruction” (of all faults), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.28cd-33]—“Now, I shall explain the limbs of the mantra, with which, tied together, he achieves perfection. [...] The netra [aṅgamantra], [which is] most powerful and destroys all faults (sarvakilviṣa-nāśana), begins with Bhairava [j], and an oṃ [and] situated with a head always in motion [y]. That astramantra is proclaimed ajīvaka [pha] joined with ṭa. The six aṅgas of the mantrarāṭ [i.e., the mṛtyuñjayamantra], which confers siddhis, is declared”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to “removing” or “destruction”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[This rite] should be employed by utterly glorious Sovereigns when they are in distress—[for this rite] removes (nāśana) the three kinds of sorrow which begin with the one relating to oneself; causes the destruction (nāśana) of all afflictions; is marked by auspiciousness; destroys (nāśana) all enemies; pacifies (i.e. removes unwanted consequences of ritual mistakes etc.); is the cause of triumph; kills the Demons; brings about prosperities; subdues all; bestows the longest of lives; is meritorious; [and] was perfomed by ancient Kings”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Nāśana).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nāsana : (nt.) killing; destruction; expulsion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nāsana, (nt.) (Sk. nāśana) destruction, abandoning, expulsion, in °antika (adj.) a bhikkhu who is under the penalty of expulsion Vin. I, 255. (Page 351)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāśana (नाशन).—a. [naś-ṇic-lyu] (- f.) Destroying, causing to perish, removing (in comp.)

-nam 1 Destruction, ruin.

2) Removing, removal, expulsion.

4) Perishing, death.

5) Forgetting; अधीतस्य च नाशनम् (adhītasya ca nāśanam) Y.3.228.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāśana (नाशन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Destruction, perishing. 2. Removal, expulsion. E. ṇaś to perish, affix ṇic. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāśana (नाशन).—i. e. 2. naś, [Causal.], + ana, I. adj., f. 1. Destroying, Mahābhārata 13, 2194; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 127. 2. Removing, Mahābhārata 2, 426. Ii. n. 1. Destruction, Mārk. P. 24, 36. 2. Removal, Mahābhārata 7, 5120.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naśana (नशन).—[neuter] disappearance, loss.

--- OR ---

Nāśana (नाशन).—[feminine] ī destroying, removing ([genetive] or —°); [neuter] as subst.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Naśana (नशन):—[from naś] n. disappearing, escaping, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] loss, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) Nāśana (नाशन):—[from nāśa] mf(ī)n. destroying etc. = [preceding] (with [genitive case] or ifc.), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] n. destruction, removal

5) [v.s. ...] causing to be lost or perish, [Āpastamba; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] forgetting (adhītasya), [Yājñavalkya iii, 228.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāśana (नाशन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Destruction.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nāśana (नाशन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇāsaṇa, Ṇāsaṇā, Palāvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nasana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇasaṇa (णसण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nyasana.

2) Ṇāsaṇa (णासण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nāśana.

3) Ṇāsaṇa (णासण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nyāsana.

4) Ṇāsaṇā (णासणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nāsanā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Naśana (ನಶನ):—

1) [noun] the act of going out of sight; a disappearing; disappearance.

2) [noun] a destroying or being destroyed.

--- OR ---

Nāśana (ನಾಶನ):—

1) [noun] the act of spoiling or ruining; the fact of being spoiled or ruined.

2) [noun] (myth.) a particular kind of punishment awarded in hell.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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