Nasana, Nāsana, Nashana, Nāśana: 24 definitions


Nasana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nāśana can be transliterated into English as Nasana or Nashana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nāśana (नाशन) (Cf. Nāśanī) refers to “that which destroys”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Pūrṇā (i.e., Pūrṇāmaṅgalā) is in the northwest and she sits on a vulture. She has one face, three eyes and two hands in which she holds a sword and, in the left, a severed head. She is a female warrior and, extremely fierce, she laughs loudly. She wears a deerskin. (Here) in the north-west, she destroys fear [i.e., bhaya-nāśanī]. Worshipped, she quickly bestows the boons and fruits of the adept’s (practice)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to “destroying (the dangers of saṃsāra)”, according to the Guhyasūtra, the largest book of the Niśvāsa-corpus (a collection of early Śaiva Tantras comprising the Niśvāsamukha, Mūlasūtra, Uttarasūtra, Nayasūtra, and Guhyasūtra).—Accordingly, “[...] (110) Knowing this, one should not give [lightly] the supreme nectar of Lord Śiva. (111) According to this scripture of the Lord, one may attain Śiva by each of the following [practised individually]: initiation, knowledge, yoga and caryā in due order. [...] (114) This tetrad has been taught to destroy the dangers of Saṃsāra (saṃsārabhaya-nāśana). It should not [lightly] be given to others if one desires supernatural power for oneself”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to “destruction” (of all faults), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.28cd-33]—“Now, I shall explain the limbs of the mantra, with which, tied together, he achieves perfection. [...] The netra [aṅgamantra], [which is] most powerful and destroys all faults (sarvakilviṣa-nāśana), begins with Bhairava [j], and an oṃ [and] situated with a head always in motion [y]. That astramantra is proclaimed ajīvaka [pha] joined with ṭa. The six aṅgas of the mantrarāṭ [i.e., the mṛtyuñjayamantra], which confers siddhis, is declared”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to “removing” or “destruction”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[This rite] should be employed by utterly glorious Sovereigns when they are in distress—[for this rite] removes (nāśana) the three kinds of sorrow which begin with the one relating to oneself; causes the destruction (nāśana) of all afflictions; is marked by auspiciousness; destroys (nāśana) all enemies; pacifies (i.e. removes unwanted consequences of ritual mistakes etc.); is the cause of triumph; kills the Demons; brings about prosperities; subdues all; bestows the longest of lives; is meritorious; [and] was perfomed by ancient Kings”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to “(that which) quells (hindrances and ailments)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.55 (“Śiva returns to Kailāsa”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “O dear, I have thus narrated the auspicious story of the marriage of Śiva, that dispels sorrow, generates delight and increases wealth and longevity. He who hears this story with pure mind fixed on them or narrates the same, shall attain Śivaloka. This narrative is said to be wondrous and the cause of everything auspicious. It quells (nāśana) all hindrances and ailments. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to the “quelling (of venom)”, as described in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The decoded mantras are for those aspirants who may use it under the guidance of an able / qualified preceptor after due procedures of initiation or dīkṣā. Regarding the Vāsuki-viṣaharaṇa-mantra (VII. 5-6) it says: “The venom of Vāsuki is quelled (viṣa-nāśana) by uttering the mantra as thunder or aśanī (aloud)”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Nāśana).

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to “destruction (of the wicked)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Holy vermillion sandlewood purifies, destroys the wicked (pāpanāśana), Daily revomes misfortune, (and) always yields good fortune”.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Tibetan Buddhism)

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to the “destruction (of the bonds of existence)”, according to the thirty-third chapter of the Saṃvarodayatantra: a Buddhist explanatory Tantra of the Cakrasaṃvara cycle.—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind meditation: “[...] Free from meditation and concentration and beyond [both] Yoga and reasoning, he leads people to absorption in ‘suchness’, when the mind becomes steady in awareness. Its form is like the sky, the dwelling place of the ether and like a pure crystal and gem, [it is] without beginning or end, unelaborated, beyond the senses, unchanging, without appearance, completely void, free of ills, the light of the world, the destruction (nāśana) of the bonds of existence, inexpressible by words and even beyond the sphere of the mind”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Nāśana (नाशन) refers to the “destruction (of clouds, thunderbolts, etc.)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān taught the great heart-dhāraṇī], “Serpent chiefs, this great heart-dhāraṇī, called Tathāgata Vow Garuḍa Flame, wards off all hostile Nāgas, destroys (nāśana) and keeps back all clouds, thunderbolts, winds and lightning, protects crops, guards flowers, fruits and trees, produces the fruit of immortality, increases comfort and welfare. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Nashana in India is the name of a plant defined with Moringa ovalifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Moringa edulis Medik. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Symbolae Botanicae (Vahl) (1790)
· Pflanzenw. Afr. (1921)
· Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (1982)
· Prodr. (DC.) (1825)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series (1902)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Nashana, for example side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nāsana : (nt.) killing; destruction; expulsion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nāsana, (nt.) (Sk. nāśana) destruction, abandoning, expulsion, in °antika (adj.) a bhikkhu who is under the penalty of expulsion Vin. I, 255. (Page 351)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāśana (नाशन).—a. [naś-ṇic-lyu] (- f.) Destroying, causing to perish, removing (in comp.)

-nam 1 Destruction, ruin.

2) Removing, removal, expulsion.

4) Perishing, death.

5) Forgetting; अधीतस्य च नाशनम् (adhītasya ca nāśanam) Y.3.228.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāśana (नाशन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Destruction, perishing. 2. Removal, expulsion. E. ṇaś to perish, affix ṇic. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāśana (नाशन).—i. e. 2. naś, [Causal.], + ana, I. adj., f. 1. Destroying, Mahābhārata 13, 2194; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 127. 2. Removing, Mahābhārata 2, 426. Ii. n. 1. Destruction, Mārk. P. 24, 36. 2. Removal, Mahābhārata 7, 5120.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naśana (नशन).—[neuter] disappearance, loss.

--- OR ---

Nāśana (नाशन).—[feminine] ī destroying, removing ([genetive] or —°); [neuter] as subst.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Naśana (नशन):—[from naś] n. disappearing, escaping, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] loss, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) Nāśana (नाशन):—[from nāśa] mf(ī)n. destroying etc. = [preceding] (with [genitive case] or ifc.), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] n. destruction, removal

5) [v.s. ...] causing to be lost or perish, [Āpastamba; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] forgetting (adhītasya), [Yājñavalkya iii, 228.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāśana (नाशन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Destruction.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nāśana (नाशन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇāsaṇa, Ṇāsaṇā, Palāvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nasana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇasaṇa (णसण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nyasana.

2) Ṇāsaṇa (णासण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nāśana.

3) Ṇāsaṇa (णासण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nyāsana.

4) Ṇāsaṇā (णासणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nāsanā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Naśana (ನಶನ):—

1) [noun] the act of going out of sight; a disappearing; disappearance.

2) [noun] a destroying or being destroyed.

--- OR ---

Nāśana (ನಾಶನ):—

1) [noun] the act of spoiling or ruining; the fact of being spoiled or ruined.

2) [noun] (myth.) a particular kind of punishment awarded in hell.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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