Nandiya: 1 definition

Introduction

Introduction:

Nandiya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Nandiya Thera

He belonged to a Sakiyan family of Kapilavatthu, and was called Nandiya because his birth brought bliss. He left the world at the same time as Anuruddha, Kimbila and the others, and he soon attained arahantship. Thereafter he dwelt with his companions in the Pacinavamsamigadaya (Vin.i.350f. It was to them that the Upakkilesa Sutta was preached, M.iii.155. Later, they seem to have lived in the Gosingasalavana, M.i.205). It is said that Mars appeared before him in a terrible form, but Nandiya drove him away.

In the time of Padumuttara Buddha, Nandiya built an altar of sandalwood at the Buddhas cetiya and held great celebrations. Fifteen kappas ago Nandiya was eight times born as king under the name of Samatta (Samagga) (Thag.25; ThagA.82f.) He is probably identical with Saparivariya (q.v.) of the Apadana (i.172).

According to the Mahavastu (iii.177) Nandiya (Nandika) was the son of Sukrodana.

He was a special friend of Kimbila. ThagA.i.276.

2. Nandiya

A Sakyan layman, evidently to be distinguished from the above. He visited the Buddha at the Nigrodharama in Kapilavatthu and had a discussion with him on the different kinds of Ariyan disciple, the one who dwells in remissness and the one who is earnest (S.v.397ff.; see also p. 403). Later, when the Buddha returned to Savatthi for the rainy season, Nandiya also went there, finding some business to do, and from time to time he visited the Buddha. At the end of the rains, when the Buddha and the monks were about to start on tour, Nandiya went to the Buddha and was taught the eleven conditions which lead to the destruction of evil. A.v.334ff.

3. Nandiya

A householder of Benarea. He was very pious and looked after his parents. When they wished him to marry Revati, he refused because she belonged to a family of unbelievers. But when Revati offered to help Nandiya in all his work, he agreed and they were married. When Nandiyas parents died, leaving him very rich, he used the money to feed the poor and needy. Later he built a quadruple hall in the great monastery at Isipatana and furnished it with great splendour. On the day of its dedication to the Buddha and the monks, as the water of donation fell on the Buddhas hand, there arose in Tavatimsa a celestial mansion, measuring twelve leagues in each direction, for Nandiyas use. During one of Moggallanas visits to Tavatimsa he saw this mansion, and was told by many nymphs that they were awaiting Nandiyas arrival (DhA.iii.290ff). The Vimana Vatthu Commentary (VvA.222f ) goes on to say that after a life devoted to good deeds Nandiya died, and was born in his celestial mansion, and that Revati, on the death of her husband, stopped the gifts of alms, abused the monks, and was cast alive into the Ussada niraya by the orders of Vessavana.

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context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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