Nandika, aka: Nāndīka; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nandika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Nandika in Theravada glossaries]

A Damila chieftain of Nandigama. Mhv.xxv.14.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Nandika in Mahayana glossaries]

Nandika (नन्दिक) is the name of an Upāsaka (lay follower of the Buddha) according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII). Accordingly, “now, as the Buddha said to the Upāsaka Nam t’i kia (Nandika), the killing of living beings has ten punishments”.

Note: The upāsaka Nandika (in Pāli Nandiya) belonged to the family of the Śākyas; he had at least two conversations with the Buddha; one, on the various kinds of disciples, took place in Kapilavastu in the Nyagrodhārāma; the other, on the eleven conditions needed to destroy evil, took place at Śrāvastī, during the rainy season.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Nandika in Jainism glossaries]

Nandika (नन्दिक) is a Prakrit technical term referring to a specific ending for friendly names, representing a rule when deriving personal names as mentioned in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning nandika) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Nandika in Sanskrit glossaries]

Nandika (नन्दिक).—1 Joy, pleasure.

2) A small water-jar.

3) An attendant of Śiva.

-kā 1 A small water-jar.

2) = नन्दा (nandā) (

5) ) above.

3) Name of Indra's pleasure-ground

Derivable forms: nandikaḥ (नन्दिकः).

--- OR ---

Nāndīka (नान्दीक).—

1) A post in a door-way set up for good luck.

2) = नान्दीश्राद्ध (nāndīśrāddha) see above.

Derivable forms: nāndīkaḥ (नान्दीकः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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