Nandayanti, Nandayantī: 3 definitions



Nandayanti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nandayantī (नन्दयन्ती) refers to one of the jātis (melodic class) related to the madhyama-grāma, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It is therefore also known as nandayantījāti. Jāti refers to a recognized melody-type and can be seen as a precursor to rāgas which replaced them.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 28.140-143, “in the nandayantī-jāti the aṃśa (key note) is always pañcama, the apanyāsa (semi-terminal note) is madhyama and pañcama. In the hexatonic treatment (ṣāḍava / ṣāḍavita) it excludes ṣaḍja which should be skipped over (i.e., reduced). Notes coming together (saṃcāra) in it are like those in the āndhrī-jāti. And ṛṣabha also should be skipped over, and there should be the low pitch (mandra-gati) there, and ṣaḍja should be in the high pitch (tāra) and it should not be in a descending scale (lit. go backward). Its graha (opening note) should be gāndhāra and the nyāsa (terminal note) also the same”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (N) next»] — Nandayanti in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Nandayantī (नन्दयन्ती) is the wife of Ratnadatta: a merchant (vaṇij) from Ayodhyā, as mentioned in the thirteenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 88. Accordingly, “... during the reign of that king [Vīraketu] there lived in that city [Ayodhyā] a great merchant, named Ratnadatta, who was the head of the mercantile community. And there was born to him, by his wife Nandayantī, a daughter named Ratnavatī, who was obtained by propitiating the deities”.

The story of Vīraketu is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nandayanti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nandayantī (नन्दयन्ती):—[from nandayanta > nandayat > nand] f. Name of a woman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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