Namul, Ṇamul: 1 definition


Namul means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ṇamul (णमुल्).—Krt affix अम् (am), causing vrddhi to the final vowel or to the penultimate अ (a), (!) added to any root in the sense of the infinitive in Vedic Literature when the connected root is शक्ः (śakḥ) e.g. अग्निं वै देवा विभाजं नाशक्नुवन (agniṃ vai devā vibhājaṃ nāśaknuvana); cf Kas. on P. III. 4.14; (2) added to any root to show frequency of a past action, when the root form ending with णमुल् (ṇamul) is repeated to convey the sense of frequency : e.g. भोजं भोजं व्रजति, पायंपायं व्रजति (bhojaṃ bhojaṃ vrajati, pāyaṃpāyaṃ vrajati), cf. Kas on P. III. 4.22; (3) added to a root showing past action and preceded by the word अग्रे, प्रथम (agre, prathama) or पूर्व (pūrva), optionally along with the krt affix क्त्वा (ktvā); e.g. अग्रेभोजं (agrebhojaṃ) or अग्रे भुक्त्वा व्रजति (agre bhuktvā vrajati); cf Kas. on P.III.4.24;(4) added in general to a root specified in P.III.4.25 to 64, showing a subordinate action and having the same subject as the root showing the main action, provided the root to which णमुल् (ṇamul) is added is preceded by an antecedent or connected word, such as स्वादुम् (svādum) or अन्यथा (anyathā) or एवम् (evam) or any other given in Panini's rules; cf. P. III.4.26 to III.4.64; e.g. स्वादुंकारं भुङ्क्ते, अन्यथाकारं भुङ्क्ते, एवंकारं भुङ्क्ते, ब्राह्मणवेदं भोजयति, यावज्जीवमधीते, समूलकाषं कषति, समूलघातं हन्ति, तैलपेषं पिनष्टि, अजकनाशं नष्टः (svāduṃkāraṃ bhuṅkte, anyathākāraṃ bhuṅkte, evaṃkāraṃ bhuṅkte, brāhmaṇavedaṃ bhojayati, yāvajjīvamadhīte, samūlakāṣaṃ kaṣati, samūlaghātaṃ hanti, tailapeṣaṃ pinaṣṭi, ajakanāśaṃ naṣṭaḥ) etc.; cf Kas. on P.III.4.26-64. When णमुल् (ṇamul) is added to the roots कष्, पिष्, हन् (kaṣ, piṣ, han) and others mentioned in P. III. 4. 34 to 45, the same root is repeated to show the principal action. The word ending in णमुल् (ṇamul) has the acute accent (उदात (udāta)) on the first vowel (cf. P.VI.I. 94) or on the vowel preceding the affix; cf. P. VI.1.193.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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