nam mkha' rgyal po: 1 definition


nam mkha' rgyal po means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — nam mkha' rgyal po in Tibetan Buddhism glossary
Source: Academia: The " Twenty or Eighteen " Texts of the Mind Series

nam mkha' rgyal po (ནམ་མཁའ་རྒྱལ་པོ) (or “the king of the sky”) refers to one of the “Eighteen Texts of the Mind Series” (Tibetan: sems sde bco rgyad)— the earliest known corpus of Dzogchen literature (also: “great perfection” or Atiyoga) in Nyingma Buddhism.—The many lists of the Eighteen Texts that emerged between the 9th and the 14th century differ in their contents, there is no canonical collection of texts within the rNying ma tradition that includes all of the eighteen texts.

The following sources mention the text “The King of the Sky”: (1) As [nam mkha' rgyal po]—Mentioned in the 9th century text “The Lamp for the Eye in Meditation” (Tibetan: bSam gtan mig sgron), a treatise written by the Tibetan scholar gNubs chen Sangs rgyas ye she. (2) As [nam mkha' rgyal po; or: nam mkha' che ba rgyal po'i lung].—Mentioned in the 12th century “The Copper Continent” compiled by the Tibetan scholar Nyang ral Nyi ma 'od zer. (3) As [nam mkha' rgyal po].—Mentioned in the 13th century “Mask of Bai ro tsa na” [bairo'i 'dra 'bag chen mo], which is included as the last volume (in fact as the last text) in the anomalous collection of bairo'i rgyud 'bum. (4) As [nam mkha' rgyal po].—Mentioned as one of the the Thirteen Later Translations (phyir 'gyur bcu gsum) in the 14th century “Treasury of Spiritual and Philosophical Systems” (grub mtha' mdzod) by Tibetan scholar Klong chen pa. (5) As [nam mkha' rgyal po; also as: nam mkha'i rgyal po].—Mentioned in the the mTshams brag edition of the rNying ma canon.

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context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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