Nalika, aka: Nāḷikā, Nalikā, Nālika, Nālikā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nalika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nāḷikā can be transliterated into English as Nalika or Naliika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

1) Nalikā (नलिका):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

2) Nalikā (नलिका):—One of the two main varieties of Kaṅkuṣṭha (a kind of medicinal earth), which is part of the uparasa group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It has a yellow color and is considered the superior variety.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Nalikā is a variety of Kaṅkuṣṭha (“Rhubarb”).—The Nalikā variety is yellow in colour, masṛṇa (smooth) on touch, guru (heavy) in weight and snigdha (oily greasy) in appearance. It is considered best or superior most.

(Source): Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nālikā (नालिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of vegetable. Certain plant parts of Nālikā are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Purāṇa

1a) Nālikā (नालिका).—(pādikas)—reckoned from four perforated golden māṣas of four inches each;1 reckoned from the movement of the moon.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 220.
  • 2) Ib. 66. 45.

1b) A measure equal to dhanus.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 100; Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 106.

1c) A measure of time.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 181.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nālikā (नालिका) refers to “enigmatical utterance”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nālikā (नालिका).—One of the thirteen types of vīthi;—An enigmatical remark that gives rise to laughter (lit. followed by laughter) is called an Enigma (nālikā) Repartee (vākkeli) arises from a single or twofold reply.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Nālika (नालिक) refers to a weapon (a kind of arrow or spear). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Nalika: A Damila general, in charge of Nalisobbha. He was defeated by Dutthagamani. Mhv.xxv.11.

2. Nalika: A mountain in Himava, on the way to the Mucalinda Lake. Vessantara passed it on his way to Vankagiri. J.vi.518, 519.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

nāḷikā : (f.) a tube; a bottle.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nāḷikā, (f.) (Sk. nāḍikā & nālikā) a stalk, shaft; a tube, pipe or cylinder for holding anything; a small measure of capacity Vin. II, 116 (sūci°, cp. sūcighara, needle-case); D. I, 7 (=bhesajja° DA. I, 89); A. I, 210; J. I, 123 (taṇḍula° a nāḷi full of rice); VI, 366 (aḍḍha-n-matta); Nd2 229. Cp. pa°.

—odana a nāḷi measure of boiled rice S. I, 82; DhA. IV, 17; —gabbha an (inner) room of tubular shape Vin. II, 152. (Page 350)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

nāḷīka (नाळीक).—n (nāḷakēṃ) Old and worn, broken or battered metal vessels: also a vessel in this state.

--- OR ---

nāḷīka (नाळीक).—a Old and worn--a metal vessel.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nāḷīka (नाळीक).—a Old and worn, or battered metal vessel.

--- OR ---

nāḷīka (नाळीक).—a Old and worn-a metal vessel.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nalikā (नलिका).—

1) A tube.

2) A tubular organ of the body (nāḍī).

3) A quiver.

4) A kind of fragrant substance.

--- OR ---

Nālika (नालिक).—[nalameva nālamastyasya ṭhan] A buffalo.

-kā 1 The stalk of a lotus.

2) A tube.

3) An instrument for boring an elephant's ear.

4) A period of 24 minutes; विषण्णालिकमुभयतो रात्रं यामतूर्यम् (viṣaṇṇālikamubhayato rātraṃ yāmatūryam) Kau. A. (nāgarikapraṇidhiḥ) or of 1 hours; नालिकाभिरहरष्टधा रात्रिं च विभजेत् (nālikābhiraharaṣṭadhā rātriṃ ca vibhajet) Kau. A.1. 19.

-kam A lotus-flower.

2) A kind of wind-instrument, a flute.

3) Myrrh.

Derivable forms: nālikaḥ (नालिकः).

--- OR ---

Nālīka (नालीक).—[nālyāṃ kāyati kai-ka Tv.]

1) An arrow; N.2.28; नालीका लघवो बाणा नलयन्त्रेण नोदिताः (nālīkā laghavo bāṇā nalayantreṇa noditāḥ) Dhanur. 74; ततो नालीकनाराचैस्तीक्ष्णाग्रैश्च विकीर्णिभिः (tato nālīkanārācaistīkṣṇāgraiśca vikīrṇibhiḥ) Rām.3.25.25; Śi.19.61.

2) A dart, javelin; कर्णिनालीकसायकैर्निहत्य (karṇinālīkasāyakairnihatya) Mb.6.95.31.

3) A lotus.

4) The fibrous stalk of a lotus; नालीकाक्षस्य नाभीसरसि वसतु नश्चित्तहंसश्चिराय (nālīkākṣasya nābhīsarasi vasatu naścittahaṃsaścirāya) Viṣṇupāda Stotra 23.

5) A water-pot (kamaṇḍalu) made of the cocoanut.

-kam An assemblage of lotus-flowers.

Derivable forms: nālīkaḥ (नालीकः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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