Nalika, Nāḷikā, Nalikā, Nālika, Nālikā: 21 definitions

Introduction

Nalika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nāḷikā can be transliterated into English as Nalika or Naliika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Nalikā (नलिका):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

2) Nalikā (नलिका):—One of the two main varieties of Kaṅkuṣṭha (a kind of medicinal earth), which is part of the uparasa group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It has a yellow color and is considered the superior variety.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6

Nalikā is a variety of Kaṅkuṣṭha (“Rhubarb”).—The Nalikā variety is yellow in colour, masṛṇa (smooth) on touch, guru (heavy) in weight and snigdha (oily greasy) in appearance. It is considered best or superior most.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Nālikā (नालिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of vegetable. Certain plant parts of Nālikā are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Nalikā (नलिका) is another name for Indīvarā, an unidentified medicinal, according to verse 3.94-95 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Indīvarā has been variously identified with Śatāvara (Asparagus racemosus), Indravāruṇī (Citrullus colocynthis), Ajaśṛṅgī, Indracirbhaṭī, Kadalī, Kuraṇṭikā (Celosia argentea). The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Nalikā and Indīvarā, there are a total of six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nālikā (नालिका).—(pādikas)—reckoned from four perforated golden māṣas of four inches each;1 reckoned from the movement of the moon.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 220.
  • 2) Ib. 66. 45.

1b) A measure equal to dhanus.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 100; Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 106.

1c) A measure of time.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 181.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nālikā (नालिका) refers to “enigmatical utterance”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Nālikā (नालिका).—One of the thirteen types of vīthi;—An enigmatical remark that gives rise to laughter (lit. followed by laughter) is called an Enigma (nālikā) Repartee (vākkeli) arises from a single or twofold reply.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Nālika (नालिक) refers to a weapon (a kind of arrow or spear). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Nālīka (नालीक) refers to an “arrow”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 2.28.—According to Nārāyaṇa, Nālīka refers to “a thin arrow shot through a tube” (nalikā). See 21.151, where also nalikā and nālīka are used. Vidyādhara explains nālīkā as nalikābāṇa.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Nalika: A Damila general, in charge of Nalisobbha. He was defeated by Dutthagamani. Mhv.xxv.11.

2. Nalika: A mountain in Himava, on the way to the Mucalinda Lake. Vessantara passed it on his way to Vankagiri. J.vi.518, 519.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nālikā.—(IE 8-6), same as Pali nālī or nāḻi; regarded as the same as prastha, i. e. one-sixteenth of a droṇa. Note: nālikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nāḷikā : (f.) a tube; a bottle.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nāḷikā, (f.) (Sk. nāḍikā & nālikā) a stalk, shaft; a tube, pipe or cylinder for holding anything; a small measure of capacity Vin. II, 116 (sūci°, cp. sūcighara, needle-case); D. I, 7 (=bhesajja° DA. I, 89); A. I, 210; J. I, 123 (taṇḍula° a nāḷi full of rice); VI, 366 (aḍḍha-n-matta); Nd2 229. Cp. pa°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nāḷīka (नाळीक).—n (nāḷakēṃ) Old and worn, broken or battered metal vessels: also a vessel in this state.

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nāḷīka (नाळीक).—a Old and worn--a metal vessel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nāḷīka (नाळीक).—a Old and worn, or battered metal vessel.

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nāḷīka (नाळीक).—a Old and worn-a metal vessel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nalikā (नलिका).—

1) A tube.

2) A tubular organ of the body (nāḍī).

3) A quiver.

4) A kind of fragrant substance.

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Nālika (नालिक).—[nalameva nālamastyasya ṭhan] A buffalo.

-kā 1 The stalk of a lotus.

2) A tube.

3) An instrument for boring an elephant's ear.

4) A period of 24 minutes; विषण्णालिकमुभयतो रात्रं यामतूर्यम् (viṣaṇṇālikamubhayato rātraṃ yāmatūryam) Kau. A. (nāgarikapraṇidhiḥ) or of 1 hours; नालिकाभिरहरष्टधा रात्रिं च विभजेत् (nālikābhiraharaṣṭadhā rātriṃ ca vibhajet) Kau. A.1. 19.

-kam A lotus-flower.

2) A kind of wind-instrument, a flute.

3) Myrrh.

Derivable forms: nālikaḥ (नालिकः).

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Nālīka (नालीक).—[nālyāṃ kāyati kai-ka Tv.]

1) An arrow; N.2.28; नालीका लघवो बाणा नलयन्त्रेण नोदिताः (nālīkā laghavo bāṇā nalayantreṇa noditāḥ) Dhanur. 74; ततो नालीकनाराचैस्तीक्ष्णाग्रैश्च विकीर्णिभिः (tato nālīkanārācaistīkṣṇāgraiśca vikīrṇibhiḥ) Rām.3.25.25; Śi.19.61.

2) A dart, javelin; कर्णिनालीकसायकैर्निहत्य (karṇinālīkasāyakairnihatya) Mb.6.95.31.

3) A lotus.

4) The fibrous stalk of a lotus; नालीकाक्षस्य नाभीसरसि वसतु नश्चित्तहंसश्चिराय (nālīkākṣasya nābhīsarasi vasatu naścittahaṃsaścirāya) Viṣṇupāda Stotra 23.

5) A water-pot (kamaṇḍalu) made of the cocoanut.

-kam An assemblage of lotus-flowers.

Derivable forms: nālīkaḥ (नालीकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nālikā (नालिका).—(1) (= Pali nāḷikā), a tubular vessel or recep- tacle: pucchaṃ sauvarṇāyāṃ °kāyāṃ prakṣiptam Divyāvadāna 514.6; bhaiṣajyāñjana-nālikā Mahāvyutpatti 9014; (2) (= Prakrit ṇāliā, AMg. ṇālī), a metal plate on which the hour is struck: Jātakamālā 83.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nalikā (नलिका).—f.

(-kā) A perfume: see nalī. E. nalī, and kan added.

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Nālika (नालिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A buffalo. n.

(-kaṃ) A lotus. f.

(-kā) 1. A tubular stalk. 2. An instrument for piercing an elephant’s ear. 3. A plant, commonly Charmaghas. 4. A sort of potherb, (Hibiscus cannabinus.) 5. Any plant growing on a hollow stem, as San, saflower, a mushroom, &c. 6. A flute. E. nālī as above, and kan aff. or nālyā kāyati kai-ka .

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Nālīka (नालीक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. An arrow. 2. A dart, a javelin, a pike. 3. A lotus. 4. The fibrous stalk of the lotus. n.

(-kaṃ) An assemblage of lotus flowers. E. nālī a fibrous stalk, affix ṭhan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nālīka (नालीक).—i. e. nāla + īka, m. A kind of arrow, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 31, 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nalikā (नलिका):—[from nalaka > nala] f. a tube or tubular organ of the body (= nāḍī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a quiver, [Naiṣadha-carita]

3) [v.s. ...] Dolichos Lablab, [Varāha-mihira]

4) [v.s. ...] Polianthes Tuberosa or Daemia Extensa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of fragrant substance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Nālikā (नालिका):—[from nālaka > nāla] a f. (ikā) idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] f. Name of sub voce plants (also -puṣpa n.), [Suśruta; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] f. an instrument for perforating an elephant’s ears, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] = ghaṭī (cf. nāla), [Jātakamālā]

10) [v.s. ...] a period of 24 minutes, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] iv, 570

11) [v.s. ...] hint, insinuation, enigmatical expression, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra v, 51.]

12) Nālika (नालिक):—[from nāla] mfn. (with āsana) a [particular] manner of sitting, [Catalogue(s)]

13) [v.s. ...] ifc. a period of 24 minutes (cf. ṣaṇṇ)

14) [v.s. ...] m. a trader with (?), [Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]

15) [v.s. ...] a buffalo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Nālikā (नालिका):—[from nālika > nāla] b f. See under laka

17) Nālika (नालिक):—[from nāla] n. =, nālāstra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] a lotus flower, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] m. or n. myrrh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of wind instrument, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) Nālīka (नालीक):—[from nāla] m. a kind of arrow or spear, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

22) [v.s. ...] body, limb, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [v.s. ...] mn. a lotus flower, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] n. ([ib.]) = nālīkinī

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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