Nalaka, Nālaka: 14 definitions


Nalaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Research Gate: On Fish in Manasollasa (c. 1131 AD)

Nalaka (नलक) or Naḍaka refers to a type of fish identified with Barbus curmuca Ham., as mentioned in the 12th-century Mānasollāsa or Abhilaṣitārthachintāmaṇi, an ancient Sanskrit text describing thirty-five kinds of marine and fresh water fishes.—The word nadaka (or nalaka) in Sanskrit suggested a tubular shape or a reed-like appearance. It is an inland, scaly, and large fish. Hora (1951) has identified this fish as Barbus curmuca Ham., a barb, which is common in waters of Western Ghats. We agree with Hora’s identification.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Nalaka: the world at once and become an ascetic and hold himself in readiness to profit by the Buddhas Enlightenment.

This Nalaka did, though possessing eighty thousand crores of wealth, and he spent his time in Himava. When the time came, he visited the Buddha seven days after the Buddhas first sermon and questioned him on the Moneyyapatipada (also called the Nalakapatipada, because it is included in the Nalaka Sutta). Nalaka retired once more into Himava and there attained arahantship. There he spent seven months leaning against a golden rock, practising patipada in its highest form. After his death the Buddha, with his monks, visited the scene of his death, cremated his remains, and had a cetiya built over them.

It is said that Nalakas aspiration to learn and practise the Moneyyapatipada was made in the time of Padumuttara Buddha. J.i.55; SNA.ii.483ff., 501. The story as drawn from Tibetan sources differs greatly from this story. (See, e.g. Rockhill: op. cit., p. 18, 45 f). In the Mahavastu (iii.380, 387) he is called Katyayana.

2. Nalaka: The personal name of Maha Kaccana (q.v.), Kaccana being his gotta name.

3. Nalaka Thera: Given as an example of an ugghatitannu puggala. After hearing, only once, the teaching of Pacceka Buddhas, he became himself a Pacceka Buddha. AA.i.354.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Nālaka (नालक) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Nālaka, a village in Magadha, was visited by Sāriputta. We know that Sāriputta stayed among the Magadhans at Nalagāmaka which was not far from Rājagaha. This Nalagāmaka may be said to be identical with Nālaka. In the Mahāsudassana Jātaka the name of the village where the Elder Sāriputta was born is given as Nāla. In the same Jātaka we read that Sāriputta died at Varaka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nalaka (नलक).—n S Cartilage or gristle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nalaka (नलक).—

1) Any long bone of the body; Mv.1.35; जङ्घानलकमुदयिनीर्मज्जधाराः पिबन्ति (jaṅghānalakamudayinīrmajjadhārāḥ pibanti) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.17.

2) The radius of the arm.

3) A particular ornament for the nose.

Derivable forms: nalakam (नलकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nālaka (नालक).—(= Pali id.), name of a nephew and pupil of the ṛṣi Asita (also Nāla, and perhaps Nālada, q.v.; in Lalitavistara called Naradatta; see also Nārada 3): Mahāvastu ii.30.14; 33.14; iii.382.14 ff. (his story told at length); belonged to the Kātyāyana gotra, 382.13; 386.8; colophon, Nālaka- praśnā (mss., Senart em. °naṃ) 389.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nalaka (नलक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A bone of either of the extremities, any long bone. E. nala a reed, and kan affix of resemblance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nalaka (नलक).—[masculine] [neuter] = naḍaka; [feminine] nalikā = [preceding] [feminine], quiver.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nalaka (नलक):—[from nala] n. a bone (hollow like a reed)

2) [v.s. ...] any long bone of the body e.g. the tibia or the radius of the arm, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] ornament for the nose, [Caṇḍa-kauśika]

4) Nālaka (नालक):—[from nāla] mfn. ifc. a stalk, ([especially]) a lotus-st° (cf. cāru-n)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nalaka (नलक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Any long bone.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nālaka (नालक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇālaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nalaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nalaka (ನಲಕ):—[noun] any long bone of the body, as the tibia or the radius of the arm.

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Naḷaka (ನಳಕ):—[noun] any long bone of the body, as the tibia or the radius of the arm.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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