Naiyayika, Naiyāyika: 9 definitions
Naiyayika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy
Guṇaratna in his commentary on Haribhadra’s Saddarśana-samuccaya says that the Naiyāyikas are also called Yaugas and they walk about with long staffs and scanty loin-cloths, covering themselves up with blankets. They have matted locks of hair, smear their bodies with ashes, possess the holy thread, carry utensils for water, and generally live in the forests or under trees. They live largely on roots and fruits, and are always hospitable. Sometimes they have wives, sometimes not. The latter are better than the former. They perform the sacrificial duties of fire. In the higher state they go about naked; they purify their teeth and food with water, smear their bodies with ashes three times, and meditate upon Śiva. Their chief mantra is oṃ namaḥ śivāya. With this they address their guru and their guru also replies in the same manner. In their meetings they say that those men or women who follow the practices of Śaiva initiation for twelve years attain ultimately salvation or Nirvāṇa.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Naiyāyika (नैयायिक).—A logician, a follower of the Nyāya system of philosophy; नैयायिकानां तु नये ह्यणुकादावपीष्यते (naiyāyikānāṃ tu naye hyaṇukādāvapīṣyate) Bhāṣā P.
Derivable forms: naiyāyikaḥ (नैयायिकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) A logician, a follower of the Nyaya or logical philosophy. E. nyāya the Nyaya system, and ṭhak aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Naiyāyika (नैयायिक).—i. e. nyāya + ika, m. A logician, a follower of the Nyāya philosophy.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Naiyāyika (नैयायिक).—[adjective] belonging to the Nyaya system; [masculine] an adherent of it.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Naiyāyika (नैयायिक):—[from naiyāya] mfn. knowing the Nyāya philosophy
2) [v.s. ...] m. a follower of the N° system of investigation, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Naiyāyika (नैयायिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A logician, or follower of the Nyāya system.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Naiyāyika (नैयायिक):—(von nyāya) adj. subst. die Gesetze des Syllogismus kennend, ein Dialectiker; insbes. ein Anhänger der Nyāya-Lehre gaṇa ukthādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 60.] [Mahābhārata 1, 450.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 116, 1.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 862.] [Scholiast] zu [Kapila 1, 25.] [Scholiast] zu [Jaimini 1, 6] (naiyyā) 27. kevala [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 49, Scholiast] [Weber’s Verzeichniss 160] (naiyyāyaka). darśana [Prabodhacandrodaja 85, 8]; nach den Scholl. nicht naiyāyikānāṃ da, sondern naiyāyikaṃ da die Nyāya-Lehre betreffend.
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Naiyāyika (नैयायिक):—adj. zum Nyāya in Beziehung stehend: vacas [Oxforder Handschriften 247,a, Nalopākhyāna 3.] m. ein Anhänger des Nyāya [SARVADARŚANAS. 84, 16. 93, 6. 110, 12. 131, 20.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. zum Nyāya in Beziehung stehend. —
2) m. ein Anhänger des Nyāya.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Kevalanaiyayika.
Full-text (+33): Kevalanaiyayika, Padartha, Naiyyayika, Udayakara, Siddhantanaiyayikamata, Samvadika, Udayanacarya, Shabdanityatva, Akhyataviveka, Arade, Aishvarakaramika, Ratnarnava, Kriti, Karakanirnaya, Anadhara, Shabdabodhavada, Asatkaryavadin, Gangeshasharma, Gadadharacakravartin, Karakavada.
Search found 26 books and stories containing Naiyayika, Naiyāyika; (plurals include: Naiyayikas, Naiyāyikas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The validity of Anumana (inference) in Nyaya system (by Babu C. D)
The Buddhist Philosophy of Universal Flux (by Satkari Mookerjee)
Chapter XXV - Prasaṅgānumāna < [Part II - Logic and Epistemology]
Chapter XXVI - Negative Judgment < [Part II - Logic and Epistemology]
Chapter I - The Nature of Existence < [Part I - Metaphysics]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 651 < [Chapter 11 - On ‘Quality’ as a Category]
Verse 59-60 < [Chapter 2 - Examination of the Doctrine of God (theism)]
Verse 71 < [Chapter 2 - Examination of the Doctrine of God (theism)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 22 - Jaina Atheism < [Chapter VI - The Jaina Philosophy]
Part 21 - The doctrine of Soul < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 16 - Perception (Pratyakṣa) < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 5 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - The Doctrine of the Pāśupata-sūtras < [Chapter XXXVIII - Śaiva Philosophy in some of the Important texts]
Part 1 - The Literature and History of Southern Śaivism < [Chapter XXXIV - Literature of Southern Śaivism]
Part 4 - Śaiva Philosophy according to Bhoja and his commentators < [Chapter XXXVIII - Śaiva Philosophy in some of the Important texts]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)