Naiyayika, Naiyāyika: 6 definitions

Introduction

Naiyayika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (N) next»] — Naiyayika in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy

Guṇaratna in his commentary on Haribhadra’s Saddarśana-samuccaya says that the Naiyāyikas are also called Yaugas and they walk about with long staffs and scanty loin-cloths, covering themselves up with blankets. They have matted locks of hair, smear their bodies with ashes, possess the holy thread, carry utensils for water, and generally live in the forests or under trees. They live largely on roots and fruits, and are always hospitable. Sometimes they have wives, sometimes not. The latter are better than the former. They perform the sacrificial duties of fire. In the higher state they go about naked; they purify their teeth and food with water, smear their bodies with ashes three times, and meditate upon Śiva. Their chief mantra is oṃ namaḥ śivāya. With this they address their guru and their guru also replies in the same manner. In their meetings they say that those men or women who follow the practices of Śaiva initiation for twelve years attain ultimately salvation or Nirvāṇa.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Naiyayika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Naiyāyika (नैयायिक).—A logician, a follower of the Nyāya system of philosophy; नैयायिकानां तु नये ह्यणुकादावपीष्यते (naiyāyikānāṃ tu naye hyaṇukādāvapīṣyate) Bhāṣā P.

Derivable forms: naiyāyikaḥ (नैयायिकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naiyāyika (नैयायिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A logician, a follower of the Nyaya or logical philosophy. E. nyāya the Nyaya system, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naiyāyika (नैयायिक).—i. e. nyāya + ika, m. A logician, a follower of the Nyāya philosophy.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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