Naigamesha, Naigameśa, Naigameṣa: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Naigamesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Naigameśa and Naigameṣa can be transliterated into English as Naigamesa or Naigamesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Naigamesha in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Naigameśa (नैगमेश) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.23) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Naigameśa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Naigamesha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Naigameṣa (नैगमेष) or Harinegameṣī is the name of a deity commonly depicted in Jaina art and iconography.—Harinegameṣī or Naigameṣa is represented in Jaina religious art, as a male figure, either with the head of a ram or antelope or a goat. We have the noteworthy example of the god’s icon in the Jaina antiquities of Mathurā. In this, Naigameṣa is represented as bearing a goat’s head. The god with his variant names is mentioned in the Kalpa-sūtra, Nemināthacarita and Antagaḍadasāo. He is primarily the captain of the foot forces of Indra, at whose command, he transferred the embryo of Mahāvīra from the body of the Brāhmaṇī Devanandā to the womb of Kṣatriyāṇī Triśalā. Hence, he acquired the power of granting the boon of child-birth. Thus, we find him in later literature, connected with the procreation of children. He is known to have two aspects, one beneficent another malevolent.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Naigamesha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Naigameśa (नैगमेश).—name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 55.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naigameṣa (नैगमेष):—m. Name of a demon with the head of a ram (supposed to seize or injure children), [Atharva-veda] (cf. [preceding] and nejameṣa).

[Sanskrit to German]

Naigamesha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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