Nagarika, Nāgarika: 15 definitions


Nagarika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nagrik.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Nagarika in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Euphorbia neriifolia L. from the Euphorbiaceae (Castor) family having the following synonyms: Euphorbia edulis, Euphorbia pentagona. For the possible medicinal usage of nagarika, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nāgarika.—(HD), chief of the police. See Vikramorvaśīya, V (after verse 4); Daśakumāracarita, II, pp. 58-59. The Vaijayantī explains the word as Kārāpati, the superintendent of jails. (ASLV), the chief bailiff or prefect at Vijayanagara. See also Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., pp. 95-96. Cf. Nagara-rakṣin, etc. Note: nāgarika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nagarika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nāgarika : (adj. & n.) belonging to a city; urbane; polite; a citizen.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nāgarika, (adj.) (Sk. nāgarika) citizen-like, urbane, polite DA. I, 282. (Page 349)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nāgarika (नागरिक).—a S Relating to a city or town; urban, oppidan.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nāgarika (नागरिक).—a Relating to a city or town; urban.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāgarika (नागरिक).—a. [nagare bhavaḥ vuñ]

1) Town-bred, town-born.

2) Polite, courteous, courtly; नागरिकवृत्त्या संज्ञापयैनाम् (nāgarikavṛttyā saṃjñāpayainām) Ś.5; साधु आर्य नागरिकोऽसि (sādhu ārya nāgariko'si) V.2.

3) Clever, shrewd, cunning (vidagdha).

-kaḥ 1 A citizen.

2) A polite or courteous man, a gallant, one who shows exaggerated attention to his first mistress while he is courting some one else.

3) One who has contracted the vices of a town.

4) A thief.

5) An artist.

6) The chief of the police; V.5; Ś.6.

7) A city-superintendent; cf. नागरिक- प्रणिधिः (nāgarika- praṇidhiḥ) Kau. A.

8) A kind of coitus; ऊरुमूलोपरि स्थित्वा योषिदूरुद्वयं रमेत् । ग्रीवां धृत्वा कराभ्यां च बन्धो नागरको मतः (ūrumūlopari sthitvā yoṣidūrudvayaṃ ramet | grīvāṃ dhṛtvā karābhyāṃ ca bandho nāgarako mataḥ) || Ratimañjarī.

9) (pl.) planets opposite to each other.

-kam 1 Dry ginger. (-rikam) The toll levied from a town.

See also (synonyms): nāgaraka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāgarika (नागरिक).—i. e. nagara + ika, I. adj. Inhabiting a town, Sch. ad. [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 51. Ii. m. 1. A citizen, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 77, 12. 2. Polite, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 60, 2. 2. A superintendent of the police, [Daśakumāracarita] 195, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāgarika (नागरिक).—[adjective] urbance, polite; [masculine] citizen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nāgarikā (नागरिका):—[from nāgaraka > nāgara] f. Name of a female slave, [Mālavikāgnimitra]

2) [v.s. ...] dry ginger, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

4) Nāgarika (नागरिक):—[from nāgara] mfn. born or living in a town, civic, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] polite, courtly, [Śakuntalā] (cf. -vṛtti, below)

6) [v.s. ...] clever, cunning, [Pañcatantra]

7) [v.s. ...] m. inhabitant of a town, ([especially]) chief of a t°, police-officer, [Śakuntalā] ([v.l] raka)

8) [v.s. ...] n. the toll raised from a t°, [Pāṇini 4-3, 75 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nāgarika (नागरिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇāgaria, Ṇāgariā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nagarika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nagarika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nāgarika (नागरिक) [Also spelled nagrik]:—(a) civil; civilian; urbane; (nm) a citizen; civilian; —[adhikāra] civilian rights, citizenship rights; ~[] citizenship; civility.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nāgarika (ನಾಗರಿಕ):—[adjective] of or living in a city, city-life, city customs, etc.

--- OR ---

Nāgarika (ನಾಗರಿಕ):—

1) [noun] a man living in a city.

2) [noun] a clever, intelligent man.

3) [noun] a member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to it by birth or naturalisation and is entitled to full civil rights.

4) [noun] a man who promotes amusements for a king or a man of rank, by keeping his company.

5) [noun] a deceitful man; a cheat.

--- OR ---

Nāgarīka (ನಾಗರೀಕ):—[noun] = ನಾಗರಿಗ [nagariga].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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