Nagadatta, Nāgadatta, Nāgadattā: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Nagadatta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nagadatta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Nāgadatta (नागदत्त).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. This Nāgadatta was killed by Bhīmasena. (Mahābhārata, Drona Parva, Chapter 157, Stanza 197).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Nagadatta Thera

He once lived in a forest tract in Kosala and was inclined to be indolent. A deva, noticing this, admonished him, and it is said that Nagadatta paid heed to the warning. S.i.200.

2. Nagadatta

A deva, living, according to one account (SA.i.217), in Kelasapabbata; according to another (ThagA.i.138; AA.i.139), in Gandhamadana. Anuruddha, when residing in the Chaddantavana, used to pass by his dwelling, and the deva gave him milk rice with lotus honey. When Sivali visited Gandhamadana with five hundred monks, the deva gave them milk rice one day and clarified butter the next. When the monks inquired how he could get milk and ghee, he told them that this was the result of a gift of milk rice given by him in the time of Kassapa Buddha.

Nagadatta Sutta

Records the admonition given by a deva to Nagadatta Thera (q.v.). S.i.200.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nagadatta in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Nāgadattā (नागदत्ता) is the name of a palanquin, according to chapter 4.5 [dharmanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Reminded by the Laukāntika-gods, ‘Found a congregation, O Master’, the Lord gave gifts for a year, the mouth of the river of initiation. Consecrated by the gods, the Lord got into a palanquin named Nāgadattā and went to a beautiful garden Vaprakāñcana. The Lord entered the garden which had the beauty of the cool season; [...]”.

2) Nāgadattā (नागदत्ता) is the name of an ancient merchant from Kāñcanapura and a previous incarnation of Asitākṣa, according to chapter 4.7 [sanatkumāra-cakrin-caritra].—Accordingly:—“At that time there was a very wealthy merchant, Nāgadatta, like a treasury of wealth, in the city (i.e., Kāñcanapura). Of him there was a wife, like Śrī of Viṣṇu, possessing charm and grace, endowed with exceeding beauty, named Viṣṇuśrī. They, whose affection for each other was as constant as the color of indigo, passed the time like two sārasas enamored of unhindered love-sport.. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Nāgadatta (नागदत्त) is an example of a name based on Nāga mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Nāgadatta) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Trade: A Survey

Nagadatta is mentioned in a Jain text in connection with overseas trading in ancient India.—Early Buddhist and Jain literatures corroborate this: a Jain text, for instance, refers to a merchant, Nagadatta, who travelled to Suvarnabhumi (a reference to Sumatra) with five hundred ships to conduct trade. (The number is clearly exaggerated, but not the fact of the trade connection.)

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nagadatta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nāgadatta (नागदत्त).—name of a former Buddha: Lalitavistara 172.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nāgadatta (नागदत्त):—[=nāga-datta] [from nāga] mfn. given by Nāgas or serpents, [Mahābhārata i, 5033] ([varia lectio] -danta)

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a man related to Gautama Buddha, [Lalita-vistara]

4) [v.s. ...] of a king of Āryāvarta, contemporary of Samudra-gupta, [Inscriptions]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nāgadattā (नागदत्ता) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇāgadattā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nagadatta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nagadatta in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ṇāgadattā (णागदत्ता) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nāgadattā.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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