Nad, Nāḍ: 13 definitions


Nad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Early History Of The Deccan Pts.1 To 6: Principal Administrative Divisions from the Rise of the Sātavāhanas

Nāḍ (नाड्) refers to an “administrative designation”.—In the Kanarese areas and certain contiguous tracts we meet with the term nāḍ (e.g. Male-nāḍ, Banavāse-nāḍ, Eḍedore-nāḍ, Sindavāḍi-nāḍ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nāḍ.—(ASLV), same as nāḍu; a district; the assembly of a district; the professional association and guild of a district. Note: nāḍ is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nad (नद्).—1 P. (nadati, nadita)

1) To sound, resound, thunder (as a cloud &c.); वामश्चायं नदति मधुरं चातकस्ते सगन्धः (vāmaścāyaṃ nadati madhuraṃ cātakaste sagandhaḥ) Meghadūta 9; नदत्याकाशगङ्गायाः स्रोतस्युद्दामदिग्गजे (nadatyākāśagaṅgāyāḥ srotasyuddāmadiggaje) R.1.78; Śiśupālavadha 5.63; Bk. 2.4.

2) To speak, shout, cry, roar (often with words like śabda, svana, nāda &c. as object); ननाद बलवन्नादम्, शब्दं घोरतरं नदन्ति (nanāda balavannādam, śabdaṃ ghorataraṃ nadanti) Mb.

3) To vibrate. -Caus. (nādayati-te)

1) To fill with noise, make noisy or resonant.

2) To cause to make a sound. -With उद् (ud) to roar, cry (loudly), bellow (as a bull); असोढसिंहध्वनिरुन्ननाद (asoḍhasiṃhadhvanirunnanāda) Kumārasambhava 1.56.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṇad (णद्).—[ṇada] r. 1st cl. (nadati praṇadati) To sound Inarticulately, to roar as a river or a wild beast, to ring as a bell, &c. r. 10th cl. (nādayati-te) To speak or tell, to shine. bhāse curā-ubha-saka-seṭ . bhvā-para-aka-seṭ .

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Ṇad (णद्).—[(i) ṇidi] r. 1st cl. (nindati-te praṇindati) also (ṛ) ṇidṛ r. 1st cl. (nedatite, praṇedati) 1. To abuse. to censure, to reproach, to reprove or revile, to despise or condemn, &c. (The second root means also) 2. To approach, to come near. The change of ṇa after a preposition is optional in the derivatives of the first of these roots. E. kutsane bhvādipara-saka-seṭ idit . sannidhāne aka-nindane saka-bhvā-ubha-seṭ .

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Naḍ (नड्).—[naḍa] r. 1st cl. (naḍati) To be thick or impervious. r. 10th cl. (nāḍayati-te) To fall off or from. bhraṃśe bhvā0 pa0 curā0 ubha0 aka0 seṭ .

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Nad (नद्).—[nada] r. 1st and 10th cls. (nadati, nādayati-te) 1. To speak or emit sound. 2. To shine: see khada With vi and anu, To fill with noise or sound; (du i,) dunadi r. 1st cl. (nandati) 1. To thrive, to be prosperous, 2. (Usually with āṅ prefixed,) To be happy, to be pleased or delighted. With abhi prefixed, 1. To wish for. 2. To acknowledge or confess. With prati, To be thankful. bhvā0 pa0 saka0 seṭa idit . curā0 .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naḍ (नड्).— i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] To fall.

— Cf. naṭ.

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Nad (नद्).— (probably a form of nard), i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] (also [Ātmanepada.] Mahābhārata 2, 1925), To sound, to roar, Mahābhārata 3, 2855. Frequently with the acc. of a noun expressing sound, e. g. śabdam, To utter a sound, Mahābhārata 3, 15655. [Causal.] nādaya, To cause to resound, to fill with noise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 28, 5. Anomal. ptcple. of the pres. [Ātmanepada.] nādayāna, Mahābhārata 6, 2269. nādita, n. Sound, 1, 7650. Frequent. 1. nānad, To roar, Chr. 290, 8= [Rigveda.] i. 64, 8; Mahābhārata 7, 882. 2. nānadya, To make a great noise, 7, 887.

— With the prep. anu anu, To sound against (with acc.), [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 111, 53 Gorr. (to rise to). [Causal.] To cause to resound, to fill with noise, Mahābhārata 5, 5169.

— With vyanu vi-anu, [Causal.] To fill with noise, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 1, 19.

— With abhi abhi, 1. To sound against, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 2, 2 (to answer). 2. To roar, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11042 (p. 791). [Causal.] To fill with noise, 13859. abhinādita, Re-echoed, 4582.

— With ā ā, [Causal.] To fill with noise, Mahābhārata 3, 789.

— With ud ud, 1. To roar, Mahābhārata 7, 6814. 2. To bray, [Pañcatantra] 248, 17.

— With prod pra-ud, To roar, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 6754.

— With samud sam-ud, To roar, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 13167.

— With upa upa, [Causal.] To fill with noise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 28, 10.

— With ni ni. 1. To resound, [Pañcatantra] 158, 5. 2. To sing, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 65, 2. 3. To cry, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 75. [Causal.] To fill with noise, Mahābhārata 1, 119. ninādita, n. Sound, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 73, 36.

— With pari pari, To cry aloud, Mahābhārata 6, 3256.

— With pra pra, ṇad ṇad, To begin to sound, to roar, Mahābhārata 2, 1925; 3, 2859. praṇadita, Buzzing, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 71.

— With vipra vi-pra, [Causal.] To fill with noise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 12, 45.

— With saṃpra sam-pra, To cry, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 1, 87. [Causal.] To fill with a cry, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 29, 15.

— With prati prati, To answer with a cry, or with cries, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 24, 30; (with acc.) [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 285; Mahābhārata 6, 4518. [Causal.] 1. To fill with crics, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 4179. 2. To cry aloud, Mahābhārata 3, 14057.

— With vi vi, 1. To resound, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 9, 44. 3. To cry, 3, 30, 6. 3. To roar, Mahābhārata 1, 6002. 4. To cry round about somebody (acc.), 11, 599. 5. To fill with cries, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8097. [Causal.] 1. To cause to sound, or to cry, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 8, 13; [Ghaṭakarpara, (ed. Cale.)] 10. 2. To fill with noise, Mahābhārata 1, 1187. 3. To sound aloud, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 11, 23.

— With anuvi anu-vi, [Causal.] To fill completely with noise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 103, 48.

— With abhivi abhi-vi, To cry aloud, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 37, 37.

— With sam sam, To roar, Mahābhārata 7, 8127. [Causal.] 1. To cause to resound, Mahābhārata 1, 2896. 2. To cry aloud, Mahābhārata 7, 8386.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nad (नद्).—nadati (nadate) sound, roar, cry, hum (±svanam, śabdam, etc.). [Causative] nadayati or nādayati, te, [participle] nādita (q.v.) make resound. [Intensive] nānadati (3. [plural]) sound violently, howl, neigh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Naḍ (नड्):—1. naḍ [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] nāḍayati, to fall, [Vopadeva] in [Dhātupāṭha xxxii, 12] (cf.naṭ).

2) 2. naḍ in [compound] and word-formation for naḍa.

3) Nad (नद्):—[class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha iii, 17]) nadati ([Epic] also te; [perfect tense] nanāda, nedur, nedire, [Mahābhārata]; [Aorist] anAdIt [grammar]; [future] nadiṣyati, ditā, [ib.])

—to sound, thunder, roar, cry, howl etc. (also with nādam, śabdam, svanam etc.), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.:—[Passive voice] nadyate, [Mahābhārata] :—[Causal] nadayati, te, to make resound or vibrate, [Ṛg-veda];

nādayati, te, to make resonant, fill with noises or cries, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;—[Aorist] anīnadat [grammar];—[Passive voice] nādyate, [Mahābhārata] :—[Desiderative] ninadiṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive] 3. [plural] nānadati, p. nānadat, [Ṛg-veda];—3. sg. nānadyate, p. dyamāna, [Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] to vibrate or sound violently, to roar, howl, cry, neigh etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṇad (णद्):—nadati 1. a. To sound inarticulately as a bell, river or beast.

2) (ka) nādayati To tell; to shine.

3) Naḍ (नड्):—naḍati 1. a. To be thick or impervious. (ka) naḍayati 10. a. To fall off or from.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nad (नद्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇada.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nad in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nad in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a big river..—nad (नद) is alternatively transliterated as Nada.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Nad is another spelling for नद [nada].—n. 1. a big stream; 2. masculine form of nadi (नदी [nadī] );

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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