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Naṭarāja, aka: Nataraja; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Naṭarāja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Naṭarāja (नटराज).—Naṭarāja is the dancing form of Śiva, also called by the name Tāṇḍava. There are different forms of dancing Śiva identified by different names. The most popular is the Naṭarāja. Other forms are Sandhyatāṇḍava, Ūrdhvatāṇḍava, Gajāntakatāṇḍava, etc. The sculptures of this deity as wall reliefs and also in the round on the shafts of pillars are noticed. Naṭarāja is a very important form of Śiva worshiped throughout Tamilnadu.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

about this context:

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Naṭarāja (नटराज) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “great dancer-actor”. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

The well-known bronze sculpture of Naṭarāja (the King of Dancer) is considered to be one of the most beautiful pieces of art produced by Indian craftsmen. Every Śiva temple has a shrine dedicated to Śiva in his form of Naṭarāja performing the Ānanda tāṇḍava — the “Dance of Bliss”. In this icon we are instructed in the five functions of the Supreme Being: creation, sustenance, transformation, revealing and concealing.

The Dance takes place within a ring of flames which symbolises the cycle of births and deaths, the cycle of universal creation and destruction — projection and withdrawal. The god dances upon the back of the “Dwarf of Ignorance” known as Mulayaka. It is ignorance of our true nature that binds us to cycle of continual becoming and it is wisdom/ enlightenment that release us.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Trinity

Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Naṭarājāsana
Naṭarājāsana (नटराजासन, “Naṭarāja posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a ty...
Nāmarūpa
Nāmarūpa (नामरूप):—The universe of our empirical experience is composed of Ideation (n...
Damaru
Ḍamaru (Hour-glass Drum) - Union of the masculine and feminine and the projection of the uni...
Jvālā
1a) Jvālā (ज्वाला).—(Aṅgāraka) a class of piśācas.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 377.1b) Aft...
Tirucciṟṟampalam kōyil
Tamil Literary work by Cōmale. Contributed articles on the importance of the Nataraja Temple...
Shiva Puja
Shiva Puja is the worship of Lord Siva through traditional and ancient rites with the use of...
Mulayaka
Mulayaka (मुलयक, “the dwarf of ignorance”):—The name of the dwarf upon who...
Vīramūrti
Vīramūrti (वीरमूर्ति);—These icons depict the Deity in a heroic posture such as Rāma d...
Nṛtyamūrti
Nrityamurti—this is the position of a god engaged in a dance. The dancer stands on one...
Gaja Hasta
Gaja—The arm is stretched diagonally across the chest with the fingers poitning down. ...
Ūrdhvatāṇḍavamūrti
Ūrdhvatāṇḍavamūrti (ऊर्ध्वताण्डवमूर्ति).—Śiva as master of dance is known as Naṭarāja....

Relevant text

Search found 12 books containing Naṭarāja or Nataraja. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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