Muslim conquest: 1 definition


Muslim conquest means something in the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Muslim conquest in India history glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (history)

Muslim conquest in Ancient India.—The first Muslim fleets appeared in Indian waters in 639 CE during the Caliphate of ‘Umar. Soon after, in 644 CE, ‘Uthman Sakifi, the governor of Bahrayn and Uman sent an army across the sea to Thana, which is close to modern Mumbai. According to Majumdar there were three such raids.5 The Arab general Ismā'īl attacked the port of Ghogha in 677. Regular attacks on the trading cities of western India followed.

From the seventh century onwards Persian and Arab traders settled in large numbers in various ports on the western coast of India, especially in Malabar. The second great wave of Muslim conquest came with Mahmud of Ghazni who led as many as seventeen devastating raids into India between 1001 and 1030. Muslim rule in Sindh was extended to cover a larger area although it was not until 1175 that Mahmud Ghori conquered Delhi and Muslim rule was fully consolidated by Mu'izz ad-Din in the second battle of Tarain in 1192.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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