Mulapariyaya Sutta, Mūlapariyāya-sutta: 1 definition

Introduction:

Mulapariyaya Sutta means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mulapariyaya Sutta in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The first sutta of the Majjhima Nikaya. It was preached in the Subhagavana in Ukkattha, and is claimed as striking the keynote of the entire doctrine of the Buddha (sabbadhamma mulapariyaya). In the sutta the Buddha explains various contemporary systems of philosophy and points out the differences between these and his own system. It also deals with the theory of the soul and of Nibbana (M.i.1-6).

The Commentary* states that the five hundred monks to whom the sutta was addressed found no pleasure in listening to it. The Buddha, realizing this, preached to them the Mulapariyaya Jataka** (q.v.). Their pride was thereby vanquished, and they begged the Buddha for a subject of meditation. Later, when the Buddha was away journeying, staying at the Gotamaka cetiya in Vesali, he preached to them the Gotamaka Sutta and they became arahants.

* MA.ii.46ff.; see also AA.i.457 and J.ii.269, where it is stated that at the end of the Gotamaka Sutta the earth trembled.

** But in the introduction to the Jataka itself, it is stated that the Jataka was related, not to them, but in reference to them, after they had become Arahants.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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