Mudralakshanabhagavaddhyanadiprakara, Mudrālakṣaṇabhagavaddhyānādiprakāra, Mudralakshanabhagavaddhyanadi-prakara: 1 definition

Introduction:

Mudralakshanabhagavaddhyanadiprakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mudrālakṣaṇabhagavaddhyānādiprakāra can be transliterated into English as Mudralaksanabhagavaddhyanadiprakara or Mudralakshanabhagavaddhyanadiprakara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Mudralakshanabhagavaddhyanadiprakara in Pancaratra glossary
Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Mudrālakṣaṇabhagavaddhyānādiprakāra (मुद्रालक्षणभगवद्ध्यानादिप्रकार) (lit. “steps for contemplation of Bhagavān, and a description of ritual hand-gestures, etc.”) is the name of the twenty-fourth chapter of the Īśvarasaṃhitā (printed edition), a Pāñcarātra work in 8200 verses and 24 chapters dealing with topics such as routines of temple worship, major and minor festivals, temple-building and initiation.—

Description of the chapter [mudrālakṣaṇabhagavaddhyānādiprakāra]: Nārada tells how one prepares himself for the practice of mudrā-gestures—washing the hands with sandal-paste, doing certain exercises with the fingers, ritually touching the chest with the thumbs and forefingers of both hands, executing certain motions with the palms joined, etc. (3-11). Different mudrā-gestures are named and described (12-72): vaibhavī (15a), avidyādalanī (20a), hārdradhī (hārdadhī?) (21b), śiras, śikhā, tanutra, astra, netra (23a), kirīṭa (24a), śrīvatsa, padma (24b), kaustubha (27b), mālā (2gb), pādmī (30b), śaṅkha (33a), cakra (34a), kaumodakī (35b—sometimes called gadā), śakti (38a), pakṣirāja (41a), añjali (41b), dahana (43a), āpyāyana (44a), and kāmadhenu (46b)’all of which are directed to objects. The mudrās that are directed to mantras are then given: anantāsana (49b); the mudrās for artha, kāma, dharma and mokṣa (53a); dhāmatraya (55b); viṣvaksena (59a); siddhasantati (61b); agni (65b); sannidhi (67b); sāṃmukhya (6gb); visarjana (71a).

Nārada then turns to the fourth question posed by the sages, this concerning the disciplined state of mind [dhyāna] to be achieved while uttering mantras to various aspects [mūrti] of God. He answers that the single, ekamūrti-aspects require one particular type of dhyāna-contemplation with the appropriate mantras being employed (73-84a); dvītiyamūrti etc. (84b. ff.) others. In addition, the suṣuptivyūha-aspects require still other kinds of mental appreciation in contemplating God and His activities; svapnavyūha-forms of God, yet others; and jāgradvyūha-forms of God yet again others (up to 129). Further discussion of contemplation [dhyāna] of God’s vyūha-forms follow (130-146), after which a similar treatment is given for Keśava, etc. (147-160), then for the consorts of the Twelve (161-164), the Vibhava-forms (165-184), and the Antaryāmin-aspects (185-194). The remainder of the chapter is devoted to descriptive passages relating to various deities which descriptions may act as guides to facilitate concentration [dhyāna] on these divinities: Ādiśeṣa (195-199), Śaktīśa (200-210), Madhusūdana (211-213), Vidyādhideva (214-215), Kapila (216-218), Viśvarūpa (219-231), Haṃsamūrti (232-237), Vāsudeva (238-243), Vājivaktra (244-256), Kūrma (257-264), Narasiṃha (265-271). A particularly elaborate description is given of Śriyaḥpati (272-333), followed by a shorter description of Nārāyaṇa (334-349). A short eulogy of dhyāna-contemplation is given, in the course of which the worshipper is reminded that only One Person takes all these forms, and that these are only worthy reflections through which to lead the devotee to that one, namely Nārāyaṇa (360-369).

A section describing each of the 51 forms of Garuḍa follows (370-437), for purposes of dhyāna-contemplation. In the course of these descriptions various other aspects of Viṣṇu and His entourage are touched upon-but all of these seem subordinated to the primary aspects of Garuḍa. The chapter, and the discussion of dhyāna in relation to mantras, draws to a close with a section on the weapons of Viṣṇu (438-476). Finally it is said that such dhyāna as has been described may be mentally undertaken at any place by a qualified Sādhaka—either at home, or in the temple, or indeed at any other place (477-482).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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