Mrishavada, Mṛṣāvāda, Mrisha-vada: 4 definitions
Mrishavada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Mṛṣāvāda can be transliterated into English as Mrsavada or Mrishavada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
1) Mṛṣāvāda (मृषावाद, “false speech”) refers to “lying” and represents one of the four sins of speech (mithyāvāda) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. Accordingly, Bodhisattvas speak with a smiling face (smitamukha) because they have (among others) avoided the four kinds of evil speech (mithyāvāda).
2) Mṛṣāvāda (मृषावाद) refers to “false speech”; the abstinence thereof represents one of the three paths classified as “vākkarma-patha” (paths of vocal action) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The paths of vocal action (vākkarma-patha) are four in number: abstaining from falsehood (mṛṣāvāda), slander (paiṣunyavāda), harmful speech (pāruṣyavāda) and thoughtless speech (saṃbhinnapralāpa).
According to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII), “with an evil intention (aśubhacitta), wishing to deceive another, concealing the truth (satya), offering words different from the truth: this is called falsehood (mṛṣāvāda)”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Mṛṣāvāda (मृषावाद) refers to “false speech” and represents one of the “ten unwholesome things” (kuśala) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 56). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mṛṣā-vāda). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) an untrue speech; a lie, falsehood.
2) insincere speech, flattery.
3) irony, satire.
Derivable forms: mṛṣāvādaḥ (मृषावादः).
Mṛṣāvāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mṛṣā and vāda (वाद).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-daḥ) 1. Irony, ironical praise. 2. Falsehood. 3. Flattery. E. mṛṣā falsely, vāda speech, praise.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 3 books and stories containing Mrishavada, Mṛṣāvāda, Mrisha-vada, Mṛṣā-vāda, Mrsa-vada, Mrsavada; (plurals include: Mrishavadas, Mṛṣāvādas, vadas, vādas, Mrsavadas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Bodhisattva quality 16: speak with a smiling face < [Chapter X - The Qualities of the Bodhisattvas]
Part 1 - Definition of falsehood (mṛṣāvāda) < [Section I.4 - Abstention from falsehood]
Mahāsutasoma-jātaka (story of Sutasoma and Kalmāṣapāda) < [Part 4 - The Bodhisattva in the Abhidharma system]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)