Mrigaja, aka: Mṛgajā; 1 Definition(s)


Mrigaja means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛgajā can be transliterated into English as Mrgaja or Mrigaja, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Mṛgajā (मृगजा) or Kisāgotamī (Pāli sources) refers to one of the three wifes of the Buddha according to Vinaya of the Mūlasarvāstivādin mentioned in a footnote at the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “The Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya attributes three wives to him, Yaśodhara, Gopā and Mṛgajā, each surrounded by 20,000 courtesans... Seven days before his Great Deaprture, when he went to the palace, Mṛgajā (Kisāgotamī in the Pāli sources, Mṛgī in the Mahāvastu):, spoke the famous stanza to him: Nibuttā nānasā mātā; thanking her, Śākyamuni threw her his necklace; seeing this, Śuddhodana took Mṛgajā and gave her to his son”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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