Mri, Mṛ, Mṝ: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛ and Mṝ can be transliterated into English as Mr or Mri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛ (मृ).—6 Ā. (but P. in the Perfect, the two Futures and the Conditional) (mriyate, mamāra, amṛta, mariṣyati, martum, mṛta) To die, perish, decease, depart from life. -Caus. (mārayati-te) To kill, slay. -Desid. (mumūrṣati)

1) To wish to die.

2) To be about to die, be on the point of death.

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Mṝ (मॄ).—9 P. (mṛṇāti) To hurt, kill.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛ (मृ).—[(mṛ)] r. 6th cl. (mriyate) To die. With anu, to die after.

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Mṝ (मॄ).—r. 9th cl. (mṛṇāti) To hurt, to injure, to kill.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛ (मृ).—i. 6, mriya, [Ātmanepada.] (properly pass. refl.), in the pf. fut. and condit. [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry and [Cāṇakya] 109 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 414, also in other forms, Mahābhārata 1, 6189), To die, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 50, 21. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. mṛta. 1. Dead, Chr. 39, 17. 2. Calcined, reduced (as metals). n. 1. Death. 2. Solicited alms, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 4. jīvanmṛta, i. e. jīvant-, adj. Living and dead (at the same time), [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 10, 8. Desider. mumūrṣa, To be about to die, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 4737; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 13. [Causal.] māraya, To kill, Mahābhārata 1, 7276 (also [Ātmanepada.] 13, 1926); [Pañcatantra] 229, 22.

— With anu anu, To die after, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 12, 84.

— With pra pra, pramṛta, 1. Dead. 2. Concealed. n. Tillage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 4.

— Cf. [Latin] morior; [Anglo-Saxon.] uta-maeran; Goth, maurthr; [Anglo-Saxon.] mórdher, myrdhra, a-myrdran, mordh, and see marta, and amṛta, and mṛdh.

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Mṝ (मॄ).—MṚ10, ii. 9, mṛṇā, ṇī, [Parasmaipada.] To kill (see mṛṇ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛ (मृ).—1. marati marate also [Passive] mṛiyate (ti), [participle] mṛta (q.v.) die, depart from life. [Causative] mārayati (te) kill, slay, put to death. [Desiderative] mumūrṣati wish or be about to die. [Intensive] maṃrīmarti suffer the pangs of death.

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Mṛ (मृ).—2. mṛṇāti [participle] mūrṇa crush, destroy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛ (मृ):—[class] 6. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxviii, 110]) mriyate ([Epic] and mc. also [Parasmaipada] ti; [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] marati, marate, [Ṛg-veda]; [imperative] mara, [Cāṇakya]; [perfect tense] mamāra, mamruḥ, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.; p. mamṛvas, [Ṛg-veda]; [Ātmanepada] mamrire, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; [Aorist] amṛta [subjunctive] mṛthāh, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]; [Potential] murīya, [Atharva-veda]; mriṣīṣṭa, [Pāṇini 1-3, 61]; [future] martā [grammar]; mariṣyati, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.; te, [Mahābhārata]; [infinitive mood] martum, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.; martave, [Atharva-veda.Paipp.]; [indeclinable participle] mṛtvā, [Brāhmaṇa]; -māram, [Mahābhārata]),

—to die, decease, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.:—[Passive voice] mriyate (cf. above; sometimes used [impersonal or used impersonally] with [instrumental case]; [perfect tense] mamre; [Aorist] amāri), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] :—[Causal] mārayati (mc. also te; [Aorist], amīmarat) :

—[Passive voice] māryate, to cause to die, kill, slay, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.:—[Desiderative] of [Causal] See mimārayiṣu:—[Desiderative] mumūrṣati ([Pāṇini 7-1, 102]), to wish or be about to die, face death, [??? etc. etc.] :—[Intensive] memrīyate, marmarti [grammar]

2) cf. [Zend] mar, mareta; [Greek] βροτός for μροτός; [Latin] mors, morior etc.; [Slavonic or Slavonian] mrĕti; [Lithuanian] mírti; [Gothic] maurthr; [German] Mord, morden; [English] murder.

3) Mṝ (मॄ):—(cf.mṛ and mṛṇ) [class] 9. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxxi, 22; 26]) mṛṇāti ([imperative] mṛṇīhi, [Atharva-veda]; [subjunctive] mumurat, [Ṛg-veda]; [perfect tense] mamāra [grammar]; [Aorist] amārīt, [ib.]; [Causal] [Aorist] amīmṛṇan, [Atharva-veda] :

—[Passive voice] mūryate, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]), to crush, smash, break, kill, destroy, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛ (मृ):—[(śa-ṅa) mriyate] 6. d. To die.

2) Mṝ (मॄ):—(ga) mṝṇāti 9. a. To hurt, to kill.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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