Mithyajiva, Mithyājīva, Mithya-jiva: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Mithyajiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mithyajiva in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mithyājīva (मिथ्याजीव) refers to the “five bad ways (mithyā) of livelihood (jīva)”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.

The five bad ways of livelihood (mithyājīva) are:—

  1. Out of love for profit (lāhalobha), to manifest all kinds of wonders (āścarya) by cheating (kuhāna).
  2. Out of love for profit, to boast about one’s own qualities (svaguṇalapanā).
  3. Out of love for profit, to predict good luck (svasti) or bad luck (asvasti) to people.
  4. Out of love for profit, to proclaim loudly (uccais) one’s own power (prabhāva) in order to frighten people and make them respect oneself.
  5. Out of love for profit, to speak of offerings already obtained (labdhapūjā) in order to encourage other people to give in their turn.
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mithyajiva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mithyājīva (मिथ्याजीव).—m. (= Pali micchājīva), wrong way of getting a living; for a monk, there are five such: Bodhisattvabhūmi 168.23, listed 21—22 as kuhanā etc., also listed Mahāvyutpatti 2493—2497, see s.v. kuhana (or °nā); the others are lapana (°nā), naiṣpeṣikatā (°tva), naimittikatā (°tva), and lābhena lābha-niścikīrṣā (°ṣutā), or °niṣpādanā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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