Mindfulness: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Mindfulness means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: The Crystal Mirror of Philosophical Systems

Mindfulness (which counters lack of mindfulness) refers to one of the “Eight Factors for Abandoning Obstacles” (in tranquil-abiding meditation) which are known in Tibetan as spong ba'i 'du byed brgyad.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Mindfulness in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Mindfulness is of five kinds, as discussed in Bhūdhardās’s composition dealing with the twelve reflections (bhāvanā or anuprekṣā), also found in the Tattvārtha-sūtra.—Accordingly, “[...] [eliminating karma]—Follow the five great vows as well as the five mindfulnesses. Conquer the five powerful sense-organs and establish yourself firmly in elimination. (10) [the world]—The Cosmic Man stands fourteen rājus tall. Within him countless souls wander without knowledge. (11) [wisdom is difficult to obtain]—Wealth, prosperity, gold, the pleasures of power—all these are easy to find. What is difficult to get in saṃsāra is the single knowledge that is appropriate. (12) [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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