Mayuradhvaja, Mayūradhvaja: 3 definitions


Mayuradhvaja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mayuradhvaja in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mayūradhvaja (मयूरध्वज).—A King of Ratnanagara. After performing seven Aśvamedha yāgas this King started another Aśvamedha in the Narmadā river valley. The task of protecting the sacrificial horse was undertaken by the King’s son Sucitra or Tāmradhvaja. He set out for the conquest of the world with the chief minister Bahudhvaja. On his return, he came across Yudhiṣṭhira’s Aśvamedha horse at the city of Maṇipur. The heroic Sucitra encountered Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna who were leading the horse. After making them unconscious, he entered the city with the sacrificial horse.

When they recovered their senses, Śrī Kṛṣṇa disguised himself as a Brāhmaṇa and Arjuna as a Brāhmaṇa boy and they went to Mayūradhvaja’s palace. The King welcomed them respectfully. Śrī Kṛṣṇa, in his disguise as Brāhmaṇa told the King that he was coming from Dharmapurī to meet the King’s priest, Kṛṣṇa who was to officiate at the marriage of his (Brāhmaṇa's) son. He added that unfortunately on his way through a forest a lion caught hold of his son. Although he prayed to Lord Narasiṃha, the boy could not be rescued. The lion told him that he would release his son, if the Brāhmaṇa persuaded Mayūradhvaja to offer one half of his body as food to the lion. (See full article at Story of Mayūradhvaja from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mayūradhvaja (मयूरध्वज).—Bāṇa with the peacock standard; the breaking of the flag was a sign of impending war.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 33. 3.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mayuradhvaja in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mayūradhvaja (मयूरध्वज) refers to a “peacock banner”, according to the Kulakaulinīmata verse 3.77-81.—Accordingly, “Tvaritā is without compare and bestows all accomplishments. She is dark blue and her form is that of a (tribal) Śāvarī. She has big, upraised breasts and has two snakes as earrings and two as (her) anklets. She is the three-eyed goddess Tripurā who bestows boons and freedom from fear. Or else, she has eighteen arms and one should think (of her when engaged) in magical rites. She wears golden clothes and is adorned with a peacock banner [i.e., mayūradhvaja-śobhitā]. She sits on a lion throne, bestows boons and holds a peacock parasol. She has a peacock bangle and is adorned with a garland of wild flowers. She is adorned with a beautiful peacock diadem”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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