Matangisha, Matangi-isha, Mātaṅgīśa: 1 definition


Matangisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mātaṅgīśa can be transliterated into English as Matangisa or Matangisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Matangisha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Mātaṅgīśa (मातङ्गीश) is the name of a deity, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Tisra, like the seat Mātaṅga, is said to be meant for the 'last-born', those of the lowest castes, especially sweepers (mātaṅga). The deities here are the god and goddess of the sweepers—Mātaṅgīśa and Mātaṅgī, who is identified with a form of Kubjikā called Juṣṭacaṇḍālinī.

2) Mātaṅgīśa (मातङ्गीश) is the God associated with Tisra (Trisrota), one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Note: We observe that the Goddess in each seat is a Śavarī and the god a Śavara. The Śavaras are one of a number of tribes who are commonly associated with the deities, major and minor, in many Tantric traditions of this sort, both Śaiva and Buddhist. Implicit in these associations is that these deities [i.e., Mātaṅgīśa], in this case those of the sacred seats, are related to tribal ones.

3) Mātaṅgīśa (मातङ्गीश) refers to one of the Nine Nāthas according to the Kubjikānityāhnikatilaka: a derative text drawing from Tantras and other sources such as the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.—The Nine Nāthas propagated the Western Transmission noted in the Kubjikā Tantras. Although each Siddha has a consort with which he shares some part of his spiritual discipline, she is not considered to be his wife. Thus, from the perspective of his identity as an initiate, he is not a householder.—Mātaṅgīśa is the Caryā name of this Nātha (i.e., the public name the Siddha uses when living as a wandering renouncer). He is associated with the following: Alternative Caryā name: Olīśa; Birth place: Kāmākṣā in Sauradeśa; Caste: Śūdra; Name at birth: Vāhila; Kīrtināma (famed names): Ājñāprabhāvadeva; Secret name: Māṇikyānanda; Pūjā name: Kamala; Consort: Kamalādevī.

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context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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