Markava, Mārkava: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Markava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mārkava (मार्कव) is another name for “Bhṛṅgarāja” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mārkava] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Mārkava (मार्कव) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with (1) white variety: Eclipta alba Hassk. or Eclipta erecta which is a synonym of Eclipta prostrata L. and (2) yellow variety: Wedelia calendulacea Less. which is a synonym of Sphagneticola calendulacea [both varieties are from the Asteraceae or “aster” family of flowering plants], according to verse 4.138-141 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Mārkava is commonly known in Hindi as Bhāṅgurā; in Bengali as Kesutī; in Marathi as Maka or Bhṛṅgurāja; in Tamil as Garugā; in Telugu as Galagārā; in Kannada as Bhaṅgiro; and in Gujarati as Kālobhāṅgro.

Mārkava is mentioned as having nineteen synonyms: (1st white variety:) Bhṛṅgarāja, Bhṛṅgāhva, Keśarañjana, Pitṛpriya, Raṅgaka, Keśya and Kuntalavardhana; (2nd yellow variety:) Svarṇabhṛṅgāra, Harivāsa, Haripriya, Devapriya, Vandanīya and Pavana; (3rd blue variety:) Nīla, Mahānīla, Nīlaka, Mahābhṛṅga, Nīlapuṣpa and Śyāmala.

Properties and characteristics: “Mārkava promotes the eye-sight, has bitter rasa and hot potency. It blackens the hair, is useful in diseases due to kapha and oedema. It is an antidote to poison. Blue Bhṛṅgarāja [viz., Nīlabhṛṅgarāja] is supposed to be rejuvenating (rasāyana)”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mārkava (मार्कव).—m.

(-vaḥ) A spreading shrub: see bhṛṅgarāja .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mārkava (मार्कव):—m. Eclipta Prostrata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([wrong reading] mārkara).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mārkava (मार्कव):—m. Eclipta prostrata [Rājan 4,140.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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