Margashirshamasa, Margashirsha-masa, Mārgaśīrṣamāsa: 3 definitions


Margashirshamasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mārgaśīrṣamāsa can be transliterated into English as Margasirsamasa or Margashirshamasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Margashirshamasa in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mārgaśīrṣamāsa (मार्गशीर्षमास).—The month of Dhanu (December). The month has got great Purāṇic importance. If one lives taking food only once during the whole of this month one will be free from all sins and diseases. (Śloka 17, Chapter 106, Anuśāsana Parva). If on the Dvādaśī day in this month one fasts the whole day and night and worships Keśava one will get the benefit of conducting an Aśvamedha yajña. (Śloka 3, Chapter 109, Anuśāsana Parva).

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Margashirshamasa in Ayurveda glossary

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Mārgaśīrṣamāsa (मार्गशीर्षमास) refers to the “month of Mārgaśīrṣa”, as taught in the Nāgajanman (“birth of the Snakes”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—Those snakes born in the months of Kārtikā, Mṛgaśīrṣa [i.e., mārgaśīrṣamāsa] and Pauṣa are respectively idle, powerful and longest and extremely poisonous.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Margashirshamasa in Pancaratra glossary
Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Mārgaśīrṣamāsa (मार्गशीर्षमास) refers to the months “December/January” during which certain vows may be observed, as discussed in chapter 15 (Caryāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—According to the chapter [vrata-anuṣṭhānakrama]: This chapter is divided into sections corresponding to the various months, and in each section the supererogatory activities customary to that month are given. [...] In mārgaśīrṣamāsa month (December/January), the eleventh day and twelfth day fast-and-feast are to be observed (25-46). [...]

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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