Marda: 14 definitions
Marda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Marda (मर्द):—[mardaḥ] Pressing pain
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Marda (मर्द) (Cf. Saṃmarda) refers to “acute (anger)” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Naradā: “After thinking like this, the great Yogin, the goal of the good, surveyed all round, his suspicion having been aroused. He saw Kāma stationed on His left side with his bow fully drawn and ready to discharge the arrow. Kāma was haughty and so was very senseless. O Nārada, on seeing Kāma in that attitude, instantaneously anger [i.e., krodha-saṃ-marda] was aroused in lord Śiva, the supreme soul. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Biology (plants and animals)
1) Marda in India is the name of a plant defined with Cissus pallida in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Vitis pallida Wight & Arn. (among others).
2) Marda is also identified with Cissus verticillata It has the synonym Vitis sicyoides (L.) Miq. (etc.).
3) Marda in Nigeria is also identified with Pennisetum glaucum It has the synonym Chaetochloa glauca var. purpurea Farw. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1898)
· Botanical Exchange Club and Society of the British Isles (Report) (1913)
· Flora of Tropical Africa (1868)
· Curr. Sci. (1980)
· Flora Indica … nec non Prodromus Florae Capensis (1768)
· Botanical Gazette (1982)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Marda, for example chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
marda (मर्द).—m ( P) A man; but in use implying praise for boldness, firmness, stanchness, manliness; and applied as our word MAN to one of noble qualities or eminent qualifications. 2 This word is used in letters before the name of a man, a keeper of a female. Esp. this keeper being a Musalman, and his woman a Maharin̤ or Kykaṛin̤.
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mardā (मर्दा).—a mardānā a ( P) Bold, fearless, resolute, intrepid.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
marda (मर्द).—m A man.
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mardā (मर्दा).—a Bold, intrepid.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Marda (मर्द).—a. [mṛd-ghañ] Crushing, pounding, grinding, destroying &c. (at the end of comp.).
-rdaḥ 1 Grinding, pounding.
2) A violent stroke, friction; सूर्यं हतप्रभं पश्य ग्रहमर्दं मिथो दिवि (sūryaṃ hataprabhaṃ paśya grahamardaṃ mitho divi) Bhāgavata 1.14.17.
3) A kind of instrument useful for calculation about eclipses.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rdaḥ) 1. A violent stroke. 2. Grinding, crushing.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Marda (मर्द).—i. e. mṛd + a, m. Grinding, pounding, Mahābhārata 1, 1121.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Marda (मर्द).—[adjective] (—°) = seq. a,; [masculine] violent pressure, hard rubbing.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Marda (मर्द):—mfn. (√mṛd) crushing, grinding, rubbing, bruising, destroying (ifc.; cf. ari-, cakra-m etc.)
2) m. grinding, pounding, violent pressure or friction, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (cf. graha-m)
3) acute pain (cf. aṅga-m)
4) dispassion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Marda (मर्द) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Daramala.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Marda (मर्द) [Also spelled mard]:—(nm) a man; potent male; brave/fearless person; husband; (a) manly, dauntless; —[ādamī] a valorous/dauntless man; masculine man, he-man; —[(kā) baccā] valorous, brave, dauntless.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+35): Mardaaru, Mardaci Mishi, Mardaddoush, Mardadin, Mardafa, Mardagaji, Mardai, Mardaka, Mardakava, Mardakavayana, Mardala, Mardaladhvani, Mardale, Mardalekara, Mardalika, Mardamaharshi, Mardamanusa, Mardamardi, Mardamarshi, Mardamga.
Ends with (+36): Abamarda, Abhimarda, Abhyamarda, Amarda, Amshuvimarda, Angamarda, Anyonyavamarda, Apamarda, Aramarda, Arimarda, Arthavamarda, Atyamarda, Avamarda, Bahuvimarda, Cakramarda, Chakramarda, Gajimarda, Ghanasammarda, Gmarda, Grahamarda.
Full-text (+55): Angamarda, Karamarda, Arimarda, Kakamarda, Kasamarda, Panimardam, Mardaka, Kathamarda, Panimarda, Picumarda, Pithamarda, Sammarda, Marada, Apamarda, Cakramarda, Unmarda, Vimardakshama, Grahamarda, Sammardin, Daramala.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Marda, Mardā; (plurals include: Mardas, Mardās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 5 - Pota II (A.D. 1199-1230) < [Chapter III - The Chagis (A.D. 1100-1477)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 7 - Incineration of Diamonds, irrespective of colour < [Chapter XIII - Gems (1): Vajra or Hiraka (diamond)]
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter LIII - Symptoms and Treatment of Hoarseness (Svara-bheda) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter IX - The medical treatment of cutaneous affections
Chapter XXII - The affections of the mouth
Chapter XXXI - The medicinal use of Sneha (oleaginous substances)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 5: Kalpasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)