Marasena, Mara-sena, Mārasenā: 3 definitions
Marasena means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mārasenā (मारसेना) refers to “Māra’s army” consisting of the inner and outer armies according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXV).—Accordingly, “hunger, thirst, cold and heat are Māra’s outer army (māra-bāhyasenā); the fetters and the afflictions are Māra’s inner army (māra-adhyātmikasenā)”.
Māra’s inner army according to the Padhāna-sutta, “Māra asked: ‘What are my inner armies?’ The Bodhisattva replied: ‘desire (kāma) is your first army (senā) Sadness (arati) is the second, Hunger and thirst (kṣutpipāsa) are the third army, Greed (trṣṇā) is the fourth. Laziness-torpor (styānamiddha) is the fifth army. Fear (bhaya) is the sixth. Doubt (vicikitsā) is the seventh army, Anger (krodha) and hypocrisy (mrakṣa) are the eighth. Cupidity (labha) and vainglory (mithyāyaśas) are the ninth, Glorification of the self (ātmotkāra) and scorn of others (parāvajñā) are the tenth. It is into those armies That monastics (pravajita) are plunged’”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
mārasenā : (f.) the army of Māra.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Mārasenā refers to: the army of M. Sn. 561, 563; SnA 528. (Page 530)
Note: mārasenā is a Pali compound consisting of the words māra and senā.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Kumarasena.
Search found 2 books and stories containing Marasena, Mara-sena, Māra-senā, Māras-enā, Mārasenā; (plurals include: Marasenas, senas, senās, enās, Mārasenās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 3 - Progress in exertion < [Chapter XXVI - Exertion]
VI. Where the destruction of the traces is located < [VIII. Destroying the traces of the conflicting emotions]
I. Recollection of the Buddha (4): The five pure aggregates (anāsrava-skandha) < [Part 2 - The Eight Recollections according to the Abhidharma]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)