Marasena, Mara-sena, Mārasenā: 3 definitions


Marasena means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mārasenā (मारसेना) refers to “Māra’s army” consisting of the inner and outer armies according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXV).—Accordingly, “hunger, thirst, cold and heat are Māra’s outer army (māra-bāhyasenā); the fetters and the afflictions are Māra’s inner army (māra-adhyātmikasenā)”.

Māra’s inner army according to the Padhāna-sutta, “Māra asked: ‘What are my inner armies?’ The Bodhisattva replied: ‘desire (kāma) is your first army (senā) Sadness (arati) is the second, Hunger and thirst (kṣutpipāsa) are the third army, Greed (trṣṇā) is the fourth. Laziness-torpor (styānamiddha) is the fifth army. Fear (bhaya) is the sixth. Doubt (vicikitsā) is the seventh army, Anger (krodha) and hypocrisy (mrakṣa) are the eighth. Cupidity (labha) and vainglory (mithyāyaśas) are the ninth, Glorification of the self (ātmotkāra) and scorn of others (parāvajñā) are the tenth. It is into those armies That monastics (pravajita) are plunged’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Marasena in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mārasenā : (f.) the army of Māra.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mārasenā refers to: the army of M. Sn. 561, 563; SnA 528. (Page 530)

Note: mārasenā is a Pali compound consisting of the words māra and senā.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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