Marani, Māraṇī: 6 definitions



Marani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Māraṇī (मारणी) is the name of a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences (viśuddhi), according to the 12th-century Abhisamayamañjarī. Māraṇī is alternatively known by the name Māmakī one of the traditional consorts of the Buddha and a mother of the yogatantra system. The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.

Māraṇī is associated with the element water and the color black. She is to be visualised as assuming a kāpālika form, naked with loose hair and holding tantric attributes in their four arms.

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (I)

Māraṇī (मारणी) is the name of a deity associated with the Bhūta (element) named Ap, according to the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra chapter 1.16-22.—Accordingly, this chapter proclaims the purity of the five components (skandha), five elements (bhūta) and five senses (āyatana) as divine beings [viz., Māraṇī].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māraṇī (मारणी).—f (Verbal of māraṇēṃ. Used only in poetry.) Striking, hitting, beating: also an assault or attack. Ex. anēka śastrāñcī māraṇī || cukavūṃ jāṇē sādhaka ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

māraṇī (मारणी).—f (In poetry.) Striking, beating.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māraṇī (मारणी):—[from māraṇa > māra] f. ‘slayer’, Name of one of the 9 Samidhs, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mārāṇi (ಮಾರಾಣಿ):—

1) [noun] the crowned wife of a king; a crowned queen.

2) [noun] a woman who is head of a household or institution; mistress.

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Māṟaṇi (ಮಾಱಣಿ):—[noun] the army of one’s enemy; the army one is fighting against.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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